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Title: Multi-Omics Profiling Specifies Involvement of Alternative Ribosomal Proteins in Response to Zinc Limitation in Mycobacterium smegmatis
Zinc ion (Zn 2+ ) is an essential micronutrient and a potent antioxidant. However, Zn 2+ is often limited in the environment. Upon Zn 2+ limitation, Mycolicibacterium (basonym: Mycobacterium ) smegmatis (Msm) undergoes a morphogenesis, which relies on alternative ribosomal proteins (AltRPs); i.e., Zn 2+ -independent paralogues of Zn 2+ -dependent ribosomal proteins. However, the underlying physiological changes triggered by Zn 2+ limitation and how AltRPs contribute to these changes were not known. In this study, we expand the knowledge of mechanisms utilized by Msm to endure Zn 2+ limitation, by comparing the transcriptomes and proteomes of Zn 2+ -limited and Zn 2+ -replete Msm . We further compare, corroborate and contrast our results to those reported for the pathogenic mycobacterium, M. tuberculosis , which highlighted conservation of the upregulated oxidative stress response when Zn 2+ is limited in both mycobacteria. By comparing the multi-omics analysis of a knockout mutant lacking AltRPs (Δ altRP ) to the Msm wild type strain, we specify the involvement of AltRPs in the response to Zn 2+ limitation. Our results show that AltRP expression in Msm does not affect the conserved oxidative stress response during Zn 2+ limitation observed in mycobacteria, but AltRPs do significantly impact expression patterns of numerous genes that may be involved in morphogenesis or other adaptive responses. We conclude that AltRPs are not only important as functional replacements for their Zn 2+ -dependent paralogues; they are also involved in the transcriptomic response to the Zn 2+ -limited environment.  more » « less
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Frontiers in Microbiology
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National Science Foundation
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