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A Giant Shell of Ionized Gas Discovered near M82 with the Dragonfly Spectral Line Mapper Pathfinder
Abstract We present the discovery of a giant cloud of ionized gas in the field of the starbursting galaxy M82. Emission from the cloud is seen in H α and [N ii ] λ 6583 in data obtained though a small pathfinder instrument used to test the key ideas that will be implemented in the Dragonfly Spectral Line Mapper, an upcoming ultranarrow-bandpass imaging version of the Dragonfly Telephoto Array. The discovered cloud has a shell-like morphology with a linear extent of 0.°8 and is positioned 0.°6 northwest of M82. At the heliocentric distance of the M81 group, the cloud’s longest angular extent corresponds to 55 kpc and its projected distance from the nucleus of M82 is 40 kpc. The cloud has an average H α surface brightness of 2 × 10 −18 erg cm − 2 s − 1 arcsec − 2 . The [N ii ] λ 6583/H α line ratio varies from [N ii ]/H α ∼ 0.2 to [N ii ]/H α ∼ 1.0 across the cloud, with higher values found in its eastern end. Follow-up spectra obtained with Keck LRIS confirm the existence of the cloud and yield line ratios of [N ii ] λ 6583/H more »
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Award ID(s):
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10320260
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal
Volume:
927
Issue:
2
ISSN:
0004-637X
5. ABSTRACT We report Keck–NIRSPEC observations of the Brackett α 4.05 μm recombination line across the two candidate embedded super star clusters (SSCs) in NGC 1569. These SSCs power a bright H ii region and have been previously detected as radio and mid-infrared sources. Supplemented with high-resolution VLA mapping of the radio continuum along with IRTF–TEXES spectroscopy of the [S iv] 10.5 μm line, the Brackett α data provide new insight into the dynamical state of gas ionized by these forming massive clusters. Near-infrared sources detected in 2 μm images from the slit-viewing Camera are matched with Gaia sources to obtain accurate celestial coordinates and slit positions to within ∼0${_{.}^{\prime\prime}}$1. Br α is detected as a strong emission peak powered by the less luminous infrared source, MIR1 (LIR ∼ 2 × 107 $\rm L_\odot$). The second candidate SSC MIR2 is more luminous (LIR ≳ 4 × 108 $\rm L_\odot$) but exhibits weak radio continuum and Br α emission, suggesting the ionized gas is extremely dense (ne ≳ 105 cm−3), corresponding to hypercompact H ii regions around newborn massive stars. The Br α and [S iv] lines across the region are both remarkably symmetric and extremely narrow, with observed line widths Δv ≃ 40 $\rm km\, s^{-1}$, full width at half-maximum. This result is the first clear evidence thatmore »