Human activity recognition (HAR) from wearable sensors data has become ubiquitous due to the widespread proliferation of IoT and wearable devices. However, recognizing human activity in heterogeneous environments, for example, with sensors of different models and make, across different persons and their on-body sensor placements introduces wide range discrepancies in the data distributions, and therefore, leads to an increased error margin. Transductive transfer learning techniques such as domain adaptation have been quite successful in mitigating the domain discrepancies between the source and target domain distributions without the costly target domain data annotations. However, little exploration has been done when multiple distinct source domains are present, and the optimum mapping to the target domain from each source is not apparent. In this paper, we propose a deep Multi-Source Adversarial Domain Adaptation (MSADA) framework that opportunistically helps select the most relevant feature representations from multiple source domains and establish such mappings to the target domain by learning the perplexity scores. We showcase that the learned mappings can actually reflect our prior knowledge on the semantic relationships between the domains, indicating that MSADA can be employed as a powerful tool for exploratory activity data analysis. We empirically demonstrate that our proposed multi-source domainmore »
Few-shot Image Generation via Cross-domain Correspondence
Training generative models, such as GANs, on a target domain containing limited examples (e.g., 10) can easily result in overfitting. In this work, we seek to utilize a large source domain for pretraining and transfer the diversity information from source to target. We propose to preserve the relative similarities and differences between instances in the source via a novel cross-domain distance consistency loss. To further reduce overfitting, we present an anchor-based strategy to encourage different levels of realism over different regions in the latent space. With extensive results in both photorealistic and non-photorealistic domains, we demonstrate qualitatively and quantitatively that our few-shot model automatically discovers correspondences between source and target domains and generates more diverse and realistic images than previous methods.
- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
More Like this
The success of cross-domain recommender systems in capturing user interests across multiple domains has recently brought much attention to them. These recommender systems aim to improve the quality of suggestions and defy the cold-start problem by transferring information from one (or more) source domain(s) to a target domain. However, most cross-domain recommenders ignore the sequential information in user history. They only rely on an aggregate or snapshot of user feedback in the past. Most importantly, they do not explicitly model how users transition from one domain to another domain as users continue to interact with different item domains. In this paper, we argue that between-domain transitions in user sequences are useful in improving recommendation quality, dealing with the cold-start problem, and revealing interesting aspects of how user interests transform from one domain to another. We propose TransCrossCF, transition-based cross-domain collaborative filtering, that can capture both within and between domain transitions of user feedback sequences while understanding the relationship between different item types in different domains. Specifically, we model each purchase of a user as a transition from his/her previous item to the next one, under the effect of item domains and user preferences. Our intensive experiments demonstrate that TransCrossCF outperformsmore »
Multi-source Domain Adaptation for Semantic Segmentation”, Advances in Neural Information Processing SystemsSimulation-to-real domain adaptation for semantic segmentation has been actively studied for various applications such as autonomous driving. Existing methods mainly focus on a single-source setting, which cannot easily handle a more practical scenario of multiple sources with different distributions. In this paper, we propose to investigate multi-source domain adaptation for semantic segmentation. Specifically, we design a novel framework, termed Multi-source Adversarial Domain Aggregation Network (MADAN), which can be trained in an end-to-end manner. First, we generate an adapted domain for each source with dynamic semantic consistency while aligning at the pixel-level cycle-consistently towards the target. Second, we propose sub-domain aggregation discriminator and cross-domain cycle discriminator to make different adapted domains more closely aggregated. Finally, feature-level alignment is performed between the aggregated domain and target domain while training the segmentation network. Extensive experiments from synthetic GTA and SYNTHIA to real Cityscapes and BDDS datasets demonstrate that the proposed MADAN model outperforms state-of-the-art approaches. Our source code is released at: https://github.com/Luodian/MADAN.
Recent years have witnessed the great success of deep learning models in semantic segmentation. Nevertheless, these models may not generalize well to unseen image domains due to the phenomenon of domain shift. Since pixel-level annotations are laborious to collect, developing algorithms which can adapt labeled data from source domain to target domain is of great significance. To this end, we propose self-ensembling attention networks to reduce the domain gap between different datasets. To the best of our knowledge, the proposed method is the first attempt to introduce selfensembling model to domain adaptation for semantic segmentation, which provides a different view on how to learn domain-invariant features. Besides, since different regions in the image usually correspond to different levels of domain gap, we introduce the attention mechanism into the proposed framework to generate attention-aware features, which are further utilized to guide the calculation of consistency loss in the target domain. Experiments on two benchmark datasets demonstrate that the proposed framework can yield competitive performance compared with the state of the art methods.
Covariate shift is a prevalent setting for supervised learning in the wild when the training and test data are drawn from different time periods, different but related domains, or via different sampling strategies. This paper addresses a transfer learning setting, with covariate shift between source and target domains. Most existing methods for correcting covariate shift exploit density ratios of the features to reweight the source-domain data, and when the features are high-dimensional, the estimated density ratios may suffer large estimation variances, leading to poor performance of prediction under covariate shift. In this work, we investigate the dependence of covariate shift correction performance on the dimensionality of the features, and propose a correction method that finds a low-dimensional representation of the features, which takes into account feature relevant to the target Y, and exploits the density ratio of this representation for importance reweighting. We discuss the factors that affect the performance of our method, and demonstrate its capabilities on both pseudo-real data and real-world applications.