 Award ID(s):
 1713791
 Publication Date:
 NSFPAR ID:
 10322136
 Journal Name:
 Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
 Volume:
 2021
 Issue:
 12
 ISSN:
 14757516
 Sponsoring Org:
 National Science Foundation
More Like this

Abstract We use luminous red galaxies selected from the imaging surveys that are being used for targeting by the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) in combination with CMB lensing maps from the Planck collaboration to probe the amplitude of largescale structure over 0.4 ≤ z ≤ 1. Our galaxy sample, with an angular number density of approximately 500 deg 2 over 18,000 sq.deg., is divided into 4 tomographic bins by photometric redshift and the redshift distributions are calibrated using spectroscopy from DESI. We fit the galaxy autospectra and galaxyconvergence crossspectra using models based on cosmological perturbation theory, restricting to large scales that are expected to be well described by such models. Within the context of ΛCDM, combining all 4 samples and using priors on the background cosmology from supernova and baryon acoustic oscillation measurements, we find S 8 = σ 8 (Ω m /0.3) 0.5 = 0.73 ± 0.03. This result is lower than the prediction of the ΛCDM model conditioned on the Planck data. Our data prefer a slower growth of structure at low redshift than the model predictions, though at only modest significance.

We measured the crosscorrelation between galaxy weak lensing data from the Kilo Degree Survey (KiDS1000, DR4) and cosmic microwave background (CMB) lensing data from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT, DR4) and the Planck Legacy survey. We used two samples of source galaxies, selected with photometric redshifts, (0.1 < z B < 1.2) and (1.2 < z B < 2), which produce a combined detection significance of the CMB lensing and weak galaxy lensing crossspectrum of 7.7 σ . With the lower redshift galaxy sample, for which the crosscorrelation was detected at a significance of 5.3 σ , we present joint cosmological constraints on the matter density parameter, Ω m , and the matter fluctuation amplitude parameter, σ 8 , marginalising over three nuisance parameters that model our uncertainty in the redshift and shear calibration as well as the intrinsic alignment of galaxies. We find our measurement to be consistent with the bestfitting flat ΛCDM cosmological models from both Planck and KiDS1000. We demonstrate the capacity of CMB weak lensing crosscorrelations to set constraints on either the redshift or shear calibration by analysing a previously unused highredshift KiDS galaxy sample (1.2 < z B < 2), with the crosscorrelation detected at a significance of 7 σ .more »

ABSTRACT The CMB lensing signal from cosmic voids and superclusters probes the growth of structure in the lowredshift cosmic web. In this analysis, we crosscorrelated the Planck CMB lensing map with voids detected in the Dark Energy Survey Year 3 (Y3) data set (∼5000 deg2), expanding on previous measurements that used Y1 catalogues (∼1300 deg2). Given the increased statistical power compared to Y1 data, we report a 6.6σ detection of negative CMB convergence (κ) imprints using approximately 3600 voids detected from a redMaGiC luminous red galaxy sample. However, the measured signal is lower than expected from the MICE Nbody simulation that is based on the ΛCDM model (parameters Ωm = 0.25, σ8 = 0.8), and the discrepancy is associated mostly with the void centre region. Considering the full void lensing profile, we fit an amplitude $A_{\kappa }=\kappa _{{\rm DES}}/\kappa _{{\rm MICE}}$ to a simulationbased template with fixed shape and found a moderate 2σ deviation in the signal with Aκ ≈ 0.79 ± 0.12. We also examined the WebSky simulation that is based on a Planck 2018 ΛCDM cosmology, but the results were even less consistent given the slightly higher matter density fluctuations than in MICE. We then identified superclusters in the DES and the MICE catalogues,more »

ABSTRACT We use a simulationbased modelling approach to analyse the anisotropic clustering of the BOSS LOWZ sample over the radial range $0.4 \, h^{1} \, \mathrm{Mpc}$ to $63 \, h^{1} \, \mathrm{Mpc}$, significantly extending what is possible with a purely analytic modelling framework. Our fullscale analysis yields constraints on the growth of structure that are a factor of two more stringent than any other study on large scales at similar redshifts. We infer fσ8 = 0.471 ± 0.024 at $z$ ≈ 0.25, and fσ8 = 0.430 ± 0.025 at $z$ ≈ 0.40; the corresponding ΛCDM predictions of the Planck cosmic microwave background (CMB) analysis are 0.470 ± 0.006 and 0.476 ± 0.005, respectively. Our results are thus consistent with Planck, but also follow the trend seen in previous lowredshift measurements of fσ8 falling slightly below the ΛCDM + CMB prediction. We find that small and largeradial scales yield mutually consistent values of fσ8, but there are 1−2.5σ hints of small scales ($\lt 10 \, h^{1} \, \mathrm{Mpc}$) preferring lower values for fσ8 relative to larger scales. We analyse the constraining power of the full range of radial scales, finding that most of the multipole information about fσ8 is contained in the scales $2 \, h^{1} \, \mathrm{Mpc}\lesssim s \lesssim 20 \, h^{1}more »

Abstract We show the improvement to cosmological constraints from galaxy cluster surveys with the addition of cosmic microwave background (CMB)cluster lensing data. We explore the cosmological implications of adding mass information from the 3.1 σ detection of gravitational lensing of the CMB by galaxy clusters to the Sunyaev–Zel’dovich (SZ) selected galaxy cluster sample from the 2500 deg 2 SPTSZ survey and targeted optical and Xray followup data. In the ΛCDM model, the combination of the cluster sample with the Planck power spectrum measurements prefers σ 8 Ω m / 0.3 0.5 = 0.831 ± 0.020 . Adding the cluster data reduces the uncertainty on this quantity by a factor of 1.4, which is unchanged whether the 3.1 σ CMBcluster lensing measurement is included or not. We then forecast the impact of CMBcluster lensing measurements with future cluster catalogs. Adding CMBcluster lensing measurements to the SZ cluster catalog of the ongoing SPT3G survey is expected to improve the expected constraint on the dark energy equation of state w by a factor of 1.3 to σ ( w ) = 0.19. We find the largest improvements from CMBcluster lensing measurements to be for σ 8 , where adding CMBcluster lensing data tomore »