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Title: What we can learn in the kitchen sink: an example from garnet granulite
Interpretation of geochronological and petrological data from partially-melted granulite is challenging. However, integration of multiple chronometers and mineral assemblage diagrams (MAD) can be used to estimate the nature and duration of processes. Excellent lower-crustal exposures of garnet granulite from the Malaspina Pluton, Fiordland New Zealand provide an ideal place to employ this kitchen sink approach. We use zircon U-Pb ages from LA-ICPMS, SHRIMP-RG, and CA-TIMS, garnet Lu-Hf and Sm-Nd ages, and MAD in order to evaluate local partial melting vs. melt injection, equilibrium volumes, P-T conditions, and the duration of lower crustal thermal events. Host diorite (H), garnet-clinopyroxene reaction zones (GRZ), coarse garnet selvages, and tonalite veins provide a record of intrusion and granulite facies partial melting. Zircon U-Pb ages range from 123 to 107 Ma (all); LA-ICPMS ages contain the entire range; CA-TIMS ages range from 118.30±0.13 to 115.7±0.18 Ma; and SHRIMP-RG ages range from 121.4±2 to 109.8±1.8 Ma. The latter two techniques are interpreted to indicate primary igneous crystallization from ~119 to ~116 Ma and the youngest ~110 Ma ages are interpreted as metamorphic zircon growth. Garnet ages for ~1 cm grains are ~113 Ma (Lu-Hf & Sm-Nd) and record metamorphic growth, and <0.3 mm grains with Sm-Nd ages from 113 to 104 Ma reflect high temperature intracrystalline diffusion and isotopic closure during cooling to amphibolite facies. Zircon trace-element compositions indicate 2 distinct crystallization trends reflecting evolution of primary magma batches. MAD indicate that garnet was not in equilibrium with sampled rock compositions. Instead, garnet shows apparent equilibrium with a modeled mixture of the GRZ and the H and grew in equilibrium with an effective bulk composition that shifted toward the leucosome. This would produce the observed increase in garnet grossular content. We conclude that: Malaspina rocks from Crooked Arm preserve evidence for 2 igneous layers which evolved as discrete magmas, igneous crystallization lasted 2 to 3 m.y., granulite metamorphism peaked ~ 3 m.y. after intrusion, metamorphism lasted ≥3 m.y., cooling occurred at ~20°C/m.y., and granulite minerals equilibrated with a mixture of solid phases and melt at ~14 kbar and 920°C (based on garnet compositions and MAD).  more » « less
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America Geophysical Union
Medium: X
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National Science Foundation
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