Abstract In the filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa, genes unpaired during meiosis are silenced by a process known as meiotic silencing by unpaired DNA (MSUD). MSUD utilizes common RNA interference (RNAi) proteins, such as Dicer and Argonaute, to target homologous mRNAs for silencing. Previously, we demonstrated that nuclear cap-binding proteins NCBP1 and NCBP2 are involved in MSUD. We report here that SAD-8, a protein similar to human NCBP3, also mediates silencing. Although SAD-8 is not essential for either vegetative or sexual development, it is required for MSUD. SAD-8 localizes predominantly in the nucleus and interacts with both NCBP1 and NCBP2. Similar to NCBP1 and NCBP2, SAD-8 interacts with a component (Argonaute) of the perinuclear meiotic silencing complex (MSC), further implicating the involvement of cap-binding proteins in silencing.
Involvement of RNA granule proteins in meiotic silencing by unpaired DNA
Abstract In Neurospora crassa, expression from an unpaired gene is suppressed by a mechanism known as meiotic silencing by unpaired DNA (MSUD). MSUD utilizes common RNA interference (RNAi) factors to silence target mRNAs. Here, we report that Neurospora CAR-1 and CGH-1, homologs of two Caenorhabditis elegans RNA granule components, are involved in MSUD. These fungal proteins are found in the perinuclear region and P-bodies, much like their worm counterparts. They interact with components of the meiotic silencing complex (MSC), including the SMS-2 Argonaute. This is the first time MSUD has been linked to RNA granule proteins.
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- G3 Genes|Genomes|Genetics
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- National Science Foundation
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