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Title: Lanthanide-mediated tuning of electronic and magnetic properties in heterotrimetallic cyclooctatetraenyl multidecker self-assemblies
The synthesis of a novel family of homoleptic COT-based heterotrimetallic self-assemblies bearing the formula [LnKCa(COT) 3 (THF) 3 ] (Ln( iii ) = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb) is reported followed by their X-ray crystallographic and magnetic characterization. All crystals conform to the monoclinic P 2 1 / c space group with a slight compression of the unit cell from 3396.4(2) Å 3 to 3373.2(4) Å 3 along the series. All complexes exhibit a triple-decker structure having the Ln( iii ) and K( i ) ions sandwiched by three COT 2− ligands with an end-bound {Ca 2+ (THF) 3 } moiety to form a non-linear (153.5°) arrangement of three different metals. The COT 2− ligands act in a η 8 -mode with respect to all metal centers. A detailed structural comparison of this unique set of heterotrimetallic complexes has revealed consistent trends along the series. From Gd to Yb, the Ln to ring-centroid distance decreases from 1.961(3) Å to 1.827(2) Å. In contrast, the separation of K( i ) and Ca( ii ) ions from the COT-centroid (2.443(3) and 1.914(3) Å, respectively) is not affected by the change of Ln( iii ) ions. The magnetic property investigation of the [LnKCa(COT) 3 (THF) 3 ] series (Ln( iii ) = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, and Tm) reveals that the Dy, Er, and Tm complexes display slow relaxation of their magnetization, in other words, single-molecule magnet (SMM) properties. This behaviour is dominated by thermally activated (Orbach-like) and quantum tunneling processes for [DyKCa(COT) 3 (THF) 3 ] in contrast to [ErKCa(COT) 3 (THF) 3 ], in which the thermally activated and Raman processes appear to be relevant. Details of the electronic structures and magnetic properties of these complexes are further clarified with the help of DFT and ab initio theoretical calculations.  more » « less
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Journal Name:
Chemical Science
Page Range / eLocation ID:
3864 to 3874
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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