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Title: The lattice thermal conductivity in monolayers group-VA: from elements to binary compounds
Abstract The lattice thermal conductivity ( κ L ) of the monolayers of partial group-VA elements and binary compounds are systemically investigated by the first-principles calculations and phonon Boltzmann transport equation (PBTE), including aW-antimonene, α -arsenene, black phosphorus, α -SbAs, α -SbP and α -AsP. The κ L values decrease with the increasing of atomic mass for these materials with similar geometry and valence structures. It is ascribed to phonon branches softening, low phonon group velocity, and large Grüneisen parameters. Due to the neutralization of phonon group velocity and phonon lifetime, κ L of binary compounds is between their corresponding elements. As the atomic radius and mass increase, the bond strength and the phonon group velocity decreases. Furthermore, the dimensionless parameter γ 2 / A , which comes from the Slack equation and only has the dependence of Grüneisen parameter, grows up with the atomic mass rising, which indicates that a larger anharmonicity is present in the heavier V-V monolayers. For SbAs and SbP compounds, the thermal conductivity anisotropy mainly results from the anisotropy of elastic coefficients along armchair and zigzag directions. Our results highlight the impact of atomic arrangement on the thermal conductivity of group VA binary compounds. This more » work paves a way to modulate the thermal conductivity of 2D VA elements by incorporation atoms with suitable mass and may guide to improve thermoelectrical performance via the alloying method. « less
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Materials Research Express
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National Science Foundation
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