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Title: An Examination of Fungal and Bacterial Assemblages in Bulk and Rhizosphere Soils under Solanum tuberosum in Southeastern Wyoming, USA
Solanum tuberosum, commonly known as potato, is the most important non-cereal crop in the world. However, its cultivation is prone to disease and other issues. In recent years, a newfound interest in the soil microbiome and the potential benefits it may convey has led researchers to study plant–microbe interactions in great detail and has led to the identification of putative beneficial microbial taxa. In this survey, we examined fungal and bacterial diversity using high-throughput sequencing in soils under a potato crop in southeastern Wyoming, USA. Our results show decreased microbial diversity in the rhizosphere, with increases in the abundances of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi as well as pathogenic microbes. We show coarse taxonomic differences in microbial assemblages when comparing the bulk and rhizosphere soils for bacteria but not for fungi, suggesting that the two kingdoms respond differently to the selective pressures of the rhizosphere. Using cooccurrence network analysis, we identify microbes that may serve as keystone taxa and provide benefits to their host plants through competitive exclusion of detrimental pathogenic taxa and increased nutrient availability. Our results provide additional information on the structure and complexity of the potato rhizosphere microbiome and highlight candidate taxa for microbial isolation and inoculation.
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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Applied Microbiology
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
162 to 176
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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