Task-Optimized Retinal-Inspired CNN Converges to Biologically-Plausible Functionality. 8th Workshop on Biological Distributed Algorithms (BDA), July 2021.
Convolutional neural networks (CNN) are an emerging technique in modeling neural circuits and have been shown to converge to biologically plausible functionality in cortical circuits via task-optimization. This functionality has not been observed in CNN models of retinal circuits via task-optimization. We sought to observe this convergence in retinal circuits by designing a biologically inspired CNN model of a motion-detection retinal circuit and optimizing it to solve a motion-classification task. The learned weights and parameters indicated that the CNN converged to direction-sensitive ganglion and amacrine cells, cell types that have been observed in biology, and provided evidence that task-optimization ismore »