skip to main content

Title: Research on the Human Proteome Reaches a Major Milestone: >90% of Predicted Human Proteins Now Credibly Detected, According to the HUPO Human Proteome Project
Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of Proteome Research
Page Range / eLocation ID:
4735 to 4746
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Abstract The Human Proteome Organization (HUPO) launched the Human Proteome Project (HPP) in 2010, creating an international framework for global collaboration, data sharing, quality assurance and enhancing accurate annotation of the genome-encoded proteome. During the subsequent decade, the HPP established collaborations, developed guidelines and metrics, and undertook reanalysis of previously deposited community data, continuously increasing the coverage of the human proteome. On the occasion of the HPP’s tenth anniversary, we here report a 90.4% complete high-stringency human proteome blueprint. This knowledge is essential for discerning molecular processes in health and disease, as we demonstrate by highlighting potential roles the human proteome plays in our understanding, diagnosis and treatment of cancers, cardiovascular and infectious diseases. 
    more » « less
  2. Recent advances in protein structure prediction have generated accurate structures of previously uncharacterized human proteins. Identifying domains in these predicted structures and classifying them into an evolutionary hierarchy can reveal biological insights. Here, we describe the detection and classification of domains from the human proteome. Our classification indicates that only 62% of residues are located in globular domains. We further classify these globular domains and observe that the majority (65%) can be classified among known folds by sequence, with a smaller fraction (33%) requiring structural data to refine the domain boundaries and/or to support their homology. A relatively small number (966 domains) cannot be confidently assigned using our automatic pipelines, thus demanding manual inspection. We classify 47,576 domains, of which only 23% have been included in experimental structures. A portion (6.3%) of these classified globular domains lack sequence-based annotation in InterPro. A quarter (23%) have not been structurally modeled by homology, and they contain 2,540 known disease-causing single amino acid variations whose pathogenesis can now be inferred using AF models. A comparison of classified domains from a series of model organisms revealed expansions of several immune response-related domains in humans and a depletion of olfactory receptors. Finally, we use this classification to expand well-known protein families of biological significance. These classifications are presented on the ECOD website ( ). 
    more » « less