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Title: A Long-Term Study of Ultraluminous X-ray Sources in NGC 891
We perform empirical fits to the Chandra and XMM-Newton spectra of three ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) in the edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 891, monitoring the region over a 17-year time window. One of these sources was visible since the early 1990s with ROSAT and was observed multiple times with Chandra and XMM-Newton. Another was visible since 2011. We build upon prior analyses of these sources by analyzing all available data at all epochs. Where possible Chandra data is used, since its superior spatial resolution allows for more effective isolation of the emission from each individual source, thus providing a better determination of their spectral properties. We also identify a new transient ULX, CXOU J022230.1+421937, which faded from view over the course of a two month period from Nov 2016 to Jan 2017. Modeling of each source at every epoch was conducted using six different models ranging from thermal bremsstrahlung to accretion disk models. Unfortunately, but as is common with many ULXs, no single model yielded a much better fit than the others. The two known sources had unabsorbed luminosities that remained fairly consistent over five or more years. Various possibilities for the new transient ULX are explored.
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