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Title: On the derivation of the wave kinetic equation for NLS
Abstract A fundamental question in wave turbulence theory is to understand how the wave kinetic equation describes the long-time dynamics of its associated nonlinear dispersive equation. Formal derivations in the physics literature, dating back to the work of Peierls in 1928, suggest that such a kinetic description should hold (for well-prepared random data) at a large kinetic time scale $T_{\mathrm {kin}} \gg 1$ and in a limiting regime where the size L of the domain goes to infinity and the strength $\alpha $ of the nonlinearity goes to $0$ (weak nonlinearity). For the cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation, $T_{\mathrm {kin}}=O\left (\alpha ^{-2}\right )$ and $\alpha $ is related to the conserved mass $\lambda $ of the solution via $\alpha =\lambda ^2 L^{-d}$ . In this paper, we study the rigorous justification of this monumental statement and show that the answer seems to depend on the particular scaling law in which the $(\alpha , L)$ limit is taken, in a spirit similar to how the Boltzmann–Grad scaling law is imposed in the derivation of Boltzmann’s equation. In particular, there appear to be two favourable scaling laws: when $\alpha $ approaches $0$ like $L^{-\varepsilon +}$ or like $L^{-1-\frac {\varepsilon }{2}+}$ (for arbitrary small $\varepsilon $ ), we exhibit the wave kinetic equation up to time scales $O(T_{\mathrm {kin}}L^{-\varepsilon })$ , by showing that the relevant Feynman-diagram expansions converge absolutely (as a sum over paired trees). For the other scaling laws, we justify the onset of the kinetic description at time scales $T_*\ll T_{\mathrm {kin}}$ and identify specific interactions that become very large for times beyond $T_*$ . In particular, the relevant tree expansion diverges absolutely there. In light of those interactions, extending the kinetic description beyond $T_*$ toward $T_{\mathrm {kin}}$ for such scaling laws seems to require new methods and ideas.  more » « less
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Forum of Mathematics, Pi
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National Science Foundation
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