skip to main content

Title: Corrosion behavior of an in situ consolidated nanocrystalline Al-V alloy

Supersaturated solid solutions of Al and corrosion-resistant alloying elements (M: V, Mo, Cr, Ti, Nb), produced by non-equilibrium processing techniques, have been reported to exhibit high corrosion resistance and strength. The corrosion mechanism for such improved corrosion performance has not been well understood. We present a fundamental understanding of the role of V in corrosion of an Al-V alloy, which will provide a theoretical background for developing corrosion-resistant Al alloys. High-energy ball milling of the elemental powder of Al and V produced an in situ consolidated Al-V alloy, which exhibited high solid solubility of V. The corrosion resistance of Al-V alloy was significantly higher than that of pure Al, which was attributed to the (1) enrichment of V at the passive film/substrate interface, (2) incorporation of V into the passive film, and (3) deposition of V on the iron-containing cathodic particles and therefore, retardation of cathodic reaction.

more » « less
Award ID(s):
2131440 1760204
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Nature Publishing Group
Date Published:
Journal Name:
npj Materials Degradation
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Nanocrystalline supersaturated Al-V alloys produced by high-energy ball milling have been reported to exhibit enhanced corrosion resistance and mechanical properties compared to commercial Al alloys. Corrosion of passive alloys such as Al-V alloy relies on the characteristics of the surface film, which is studied using scanning/transmission electron microscopy and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry. The effect of microstructure and composition on the surface film has been investigated after different immersion periods (30 min, 2 h, and 1 day) in 0.1 M NaCl. The surface film was complex and composed of oxidized Al and V. The heterogeneous surface film was observed due to the presence of secondary phases and initiation of localized corrosion. The void formation was observed beneath the surface film that would potentially cause pitting corrosion. The generation of nano-sized voids was dependent on grain orientation. Compared to pure Al, the chloride penetration is suppressed in Al-V alloys. The effect of composition and microstructure on surface film formation and attendant corrosion behavior is discussed herein.

    more » « less
  2. Abstract

    The effect of V addition on the hardness and corrosion of aluminum alloy 2024 (AA2024) produced by high‐energy ball milling has been investigated. High‐energy ball milled alloys exhibited enhanced solid solubility of alloying elements and ultrafine grains. The addition of V improved the corrosion resistance of the AA2024 alloy, which was attributed to the deposition of V on the cathodic particles and therefore decrease in their ability to sustain large cathodic currents.

    more » « less
  3. Al-V alloys produced via high-energy ball milling have been reported to show simultaneous improvement of corrosion resistance and mechanical properties compared to traditional Al alloys. In these alloys, V content plays a crucial role in increasing or decreasing the corrosion resistance. Therefore, the effect of V and microstructure on corrosion of high-energy ball milled and subsequently spark plasma sintered Al-xV alloys (x = 2, 5, 10 at%) has been studied. Cyclic potentiodynamic polarization tests and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic analysis revealed the increment of V content up to 5 at% enhanced the corrosion resistance of the alloy. However, highly heterogeneous microstructure in Al-10 at%V resulted in significant localized corrosion over the immersion time. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy studies over 14 days of immersion revealed underlying corrosion mechanisms.

    more » « less
  4. Abstract

    Elemental partitioning during thermal processing can significantly affect the corrosion resistance of bulk alloys operating in aggressive electrochemical environments, for which, despite decades of experimental and theoretical studies, the thermodynamic and electrochemical mechanisms still lack accurate quantitative descriptions. Here, we formulate an ab initio thermodynamic model to obtain the composition- and temperature-dependent free energies of formation (ΔfG) for Ni–Cr alloys, a prototypical group of corrosion-resistant metals, and discover two equilibrium states that produce the driving forces for the elemental partitioning in Ni–Cr. The results are in quantitative agreement with the experimental studies on the thermodynamic stability of Ni–Cr. We further construct electrochemical (potential–pH) diagrams by obtaining the required ΔfGvalues of native oxides and (oxy)hydroxides using high-fidelity ab-initio calculations that include exact electronic exchange and phononic contributions. We then analyze the passivation and electrochemical trends of Ni–Cr alloys, which closely explain various oxide-film growth and corrosion behaviors observed on alloy surfaces. We finally determine the optimal Cr content range of 14–34 at%, which provides the Ni–Cr alloys with both the preferred heat-treatment stability and superior corrosion resistance. We conclude by discussing the consequences of these findings on other Ni–Cr alloys with more complex additives, which can guide the further optimization of industrial Ni–Cr-based alloys.

    more » « less
  5. Exposure testing was performed on CoCrFeMnNi equiatomic high entropy alloy (HEA) produced via directed energy deposition additive manufacturing in NaNO3-KNO3(60–40 wt%) molten salt at 500 °C for 50 h to evaluate the corrosion performance and oxide film chemistry of the HEA. Potentiodynamic electrochemical corrosion testing, scanning electron microscopy, focused ion beam milling coupled with energy dispersive spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy were used to analyze the corrosion behavior and chemistry of the HEA/nitrate molten salt system. The CoCrFeMnNi HEA exhibited a higher passive current density during potentiodynamic polarization testing than steel alloys SS316L and 4130 and the high-Ni alloy 800 H in identical conditions. The oxide film was primarily composed of a (Mn,Co,Ni)Fe2O4spinel with a vertical plate-like morphology at the surface. Cr and Ni were found to be totally depleted at the outer surface of the oxide and dissolved in high concentrations in the molten salt. While Cr was expected to dissolve into the molten salt, the high concentration of dissolved Ni has not been observed with traditional alloys, suggesting that Ni is less stable in the spinel when Mn and Co are present.

    more » « less