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Title: Oscillating magnetized hybrid stars under the magnifying glass of multimessenger observations
ABSTRACT

We model neutron stars as magnetized hybrid stars with an abrupt hadron–quark phase transition in their cores, taking into account current constraints from nuclear experiments and multimessenger observations. We include magnetic field effects considering the Landau level quantization of charged particles and the anomalous magnetic moment of neutral particles. We construct the magnetized hybrid equation of state, and we compute the particle population, the matter magnetization and the transverse and parallel pressure components. We integrate the stable stellar models, considering the dynamical stability for rapid or slow hadron–quark phase conversion. Finally, we calculate the frequencies and damping times of the fundamental and g non-radial oscillation modes. The latter, a key mode to learn about phase transitions in compact objects, is only obtained for stars with slow conversions. For low magnetic fields, we find that one of the objects of the GW170817 binary system might be a hybrid star belonging to the slow extended stability branch. For magnetars, we find that a stronger magnetic field always softens the hadronic equation of state. Besides, only for some parameter combinations a stronger magnetic field implies a higher hybrid star maximum mass. Contrary to previous results, the incorporation of anomalous magnetic moment does not affect the studied astrophysical quantities. We discuss possible imprints of the microphysics of the equation of state that could be tested observationally in the future, and that might help infer the nature of dense matter and hybrid stars.

 
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NSF-PAR ID:
10364118
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Oxford University Press
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume:
512
Issue:
1
ISSN:
0035-8711
Format(s):
Medium: X Size: p. 517-534
Size(s):
["p. 517-534"]
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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