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Title: Reconstruct high-resolution 3D genome structures for diverse cell-types using FLAMINGO

High-resolution reconstruction of spatial chromosome organizations from chromatin contact maps is highly demanded, but is hindered by extensive pairwise constraints, substantial missing data, and limited resolution and cell-type availabilities. Here, we present FLAMINGO, a computational method that addresses these challenges by compressing inter-dependent Hi-C interactions to delineate the underlying low-rank structures in 3D space, based on the low-rank matrix completion technique. FLAMINGO successfully generates 5 kb- and 1 kb-resolution spatial conformations for all chromosomes in the human genome across multiple cell-types, the largest resources to date. Compared to other methods using various experimental metrics, FLAMINGO consistently demonstrates superior accuracy in recapitulating observed structures with raises in scalability by orders of magnitude. The reconstructed 3D structures efficiently facilitate discoveries of higher-order multi-way interactions, imply biological interpretations of long-range QTLs, reveal geometrical properties of chromatin, and provide high-resolution references to understand structural variabilities. Importantly, FLAMINGO achieves robust predictions against high rates of missing data and significantly boosts 3D structure resolutions. Moreover, FLAMINGO shows vigorous cross cell-type structure predictions that capture cell-type specific spatial configurations via integration of 1D epigenomic signals. FLAMINGO can be widely applied to large-scale chromatin contact maps and expand high-resolution spatial genome conformations for diverse cell-types.

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Publisher / Repository:
Nature Publishing Group
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Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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