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Title: Fundamental and practical aspects of machine learning for the peak picking of biomolecular NMR spectra
Abstract

Rapid progress in machine learning offers new opportunities for the automated analysis of multidimensional NMR spectra ranging from protein NMR to metabolomics applications. Most recently, it has been demonstrated how deep neural networks (DNN) designed for spectral peak picking are capable of deconvoluting highly crowded NMR spectra rivaling the facilities of human experts. Superior DNN-based peak picking is one of a series of critical steps during NMR spectral processing, analysis, and interpretation where machine learning is expected to have a major impact. In this perspective, we lay out some of the unique strengths as well as challenges of machine learning approaches in this new era of automated NMR spectral analysis. Such a discussion seems timely and should help define common goals for the NMR community, the sharing of software tools, standardization of protocols, and calibrate expectations. It will also help prepare for an NMR future where machine learning and artificial intelligence tools will be common place.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Award ID(s):
2103637
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10368479
Journal Name:
Journal of Biomolecular NMR
Volume:
76
Issue:
3
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
p. 49-57
ISSN:
0925-2738
Publisher:
Springer Science + Business Media
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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The breast corpus subset should be released by November 2021. By December 2021 we should also release the unannotated FCCC data. We are currently annotating urinary tract data as well. We expect to release about 5,600 processed TUH slides in this subset. We have an additional 53,000 unprocessed TUH slides digitized. Corpora of this size will stimulate the development of a new generation of deep learning technology. In clinical settings where resources are limited, an assistive diagnoses model could support pathologists’ workload and even help prioritize suspected cancerous cases. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This material is supported by the National Science Foundation under grants nos. CNS-1726188 and 1925494. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. REFERENCES [1] N. 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