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Title: Three-dimensional Gauss–Newton constant- Q viscoelastic full-waveform inversion of near-surface seismic wavefields
SUMMARY

Full-waveform inversion (FWI) methods rely on accurate numerical simulation of wave propagation in the analysed medium. Acoustic or elastic wave equations are often used to model seismic wave propagation. These types of simulations do not account for intrinsic attenuation effects due to material anelasticity, and thus correction techniques have been utilized in practice to partially compensate the anelasticity. These techniques often only consider the waveform amplitude correction based on averaging of overall amplitude response over the entire data set, and ignore the phase correction. Viscoelastic wave equations account for the anelastic response in both waveform amplitude and phase, and are therefore a more suitable alternative. In this study, we present a novel 3-D Gauss–Newton viscoelastic FWI (3-D GN-VFWI) method. To address the main challenge of the Gauss–Newton optimization, we develop formulas to compute the Jacobian efficiently by the convolution of virtual sources and backward wavefields. The virtual sources are obtained by directly differentiating the viscoelastic wave equations with respect to model parameters. In order to resolve complex 3-D structures with reasonable computational effort, a homogeneous attenuation (Q factor) is used throughout the analysis to model the anelastic effects. Synthetic and field experiments are performed to demonstrate the utility of the method. The synthetic results clearly demonstrate the ability of the method in characterizing a challenging velocity profile, including voids and reverse velocity layers. The field experimental results show that method successfully characterizes the complex substructure with two voids and undulating limestone bedrock, which are confirmed by invasive tests. Compared to 3-D elastic FWI results, the presented viscoelastic method produces more accurate results regarding depths of the voids and bedrock. This study suggests that the improvement of imaging accuracy would warrant the widespread use of viscoelastic wave equations in FWI problems. To our best knowledge, this is the first reported study on 3-D GN-VFWI at any scale. This study provides the new theory and formulation for the use of Gauss–Newton optimization on the 3-D viscoelastic problem.

 
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Award ID(s):
1930697
NSF-PAR ID:
10370627
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Oxford University Press
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Geophysical Journal International
Volume:
231
Issue:
3
ISSN:
0956-540X
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 1767-1785
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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