To link a clinical outcome with compositional predictors in microbiome analysis, the linear log‐contrast model is a popular choice, and the inference procedure for assessing the significance of each covariate is also available. However, with the existence of multiple potentially interrelated outcomes and the information of the taxonomic hierarchy of bacteria, a multivariate analysis method that considers the group structure of compositional covariates and an accompanying group inference method are still lacking. Motivated by a study for identifying the microbes in the gut microbiome of preterm infants that impact their later neurobehavioral outcomes, we formulate a constrained integrative multi‐view regression. The neurobehavioral scores form multivariate responses, the log‐transformed sub‐compositional microbiome data form multi‐view feature matrices, and a set of linear constraints on their corresponding sub‐coefficient matrices ensures the sub‐compositional nature. We assume all the sub‐coefficient matrices are possible of low‐rank to enable joint selection and inference of sub‐compositions/views. We propose a scaled composite nuclear norm penalization approach for model estimation and develop a hypothesis testing procedure through de‐biasing to assess the significance of different views. Simulation studies confirm the effectiveness of the proposed procedure. We apply the method to the preterm infant study, and the identified microbes are mostly consistent with existing studies and biological understandings.
Tensor regression analysis is finding vast emerging applications in a variety of clinical settings, including neuroimaging, genomics, and dental medicine. The motivation for this paper is a study of periodontal disease (PD) with an order‐3 tensor response: multiple biomarkers measured at prespecified tooth–sites within each tooth, for each participant. A careful investigation would reveal considerable skewness in the responses, in addition to response missingness. To mitigate the shortcomings of existing analysis tools, we propose a new Bayesian tensor response regression method that facilitates interpretation of covariate effects on both marginal and joint distributions of highly skewed tensor responses, and accommodates missing‐at‐random responses under a closure property of our tensor model. Furthermore, we present a prudent evaluation of the overall covariate effects while identifying their possible variations on only a sparse subset of the tensor components. Our method promises Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) tools that are readily implementable. We illustrate substantial advantages of our proposal over existing methods via simulation studies and application to a real data set derived from a clinical study of PD. The
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- p. 1814-1825
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- National Science Foundation
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