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Title: Archaeal roots of intramembrane aspartyl protease siblings signal peptide peptidase and presenilin

Signal peptides help newly synthesized proteins reach the cell membrane or be secreted. As part of a biological process key to immune response and surveillance in humans, and associated with diseases, for example, Alzheimer, remnant signal peptides and other transmembrane segments are proteolyzed by the intramembrane aspartyl protease (IAP) enzyme family. Here, we identified IAP orthologs throughout the tree of life. In addition to eukaryotes, IAPs are encoded in metabolically diverse archaea from a wide range of environments. We found three distinct clades of archaeal IAPs: (a)Euryarchaeota(eg, halophilicHalobacteriales, methanogenicMethanosarcinalesandMethanomicrobiales, marinePoseidoniales, acidophilicThermoplasmatales, hyperthermophilicArchaeoglobusspp.), (b) DPANN, and (c)Bathyarchaeota,Crenarchaeota, andAsgard. IAPs were also present in bacterial genomes from uncultivated members of Candidate Phylum Radiation, perhaps due to horizontal gene transfer from DPANN archaeal lineages. Sequence analysis of the catalytic motif YD…GXGD (where X is any amino acid) in IAPs from archaea and bacteria reveals WD inLokiarchaeotaand many residue types in the X position. Gene neighborhood analysis in halophilic archaea shows IAP genes near corrinoid transporters (btuCDFgenes). In marineEuryarchaeota, a putative BtuF‐like domain is found in N‐terminus of the IAP gene, suggesting a role for these IAPs in metal ion cofactor or other nutrient scavenging. Interestingly, eukaryotic IAP family members appear to have evolved either fromEuryarchaeotaor fromAsgardarchaea. Taken together, our phylogenetic and bioinformatics analysis should prompt experiments to probe the biological roles of IAPs in prokaryotic secretomes.

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Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Proteins: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 232-241
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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