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Title: H 2 O 2 and CH 3 OOH (MHP) in the Remote Atmosphere: 1. Global Distribution and Regional Influences

Atmospheric hydroperoxides are a significant component of the atmosphere's oxidizing capacity. Two of the most abundant hydroperoxides, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and methyl hydroperoxide (MHP, CH3OOH), were measured in the remote atmosphere using chemical ionization mass spectrometry aboard the NASA DC‐8 aircraft during the Atmospheric Tomography Mission. These measurements present a seasonal investigation into the global distribution of these two hydroperoxides, with near pole‐to‐pole coverage across the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean basins and from the marine boundary layer to the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. H2O2mixing ratios are highest between 2 and 4 km altitude in the equatorial region of the Atlantic Ocean basin, where they reach global maximums of 3.6–6.5 ppbv depending on season. MHP mixing ratios reach global maximums of 4.3–8.6 ppbv and are highest between 1 and 3 km altitude, but peak in different regions depending on season. A major factor contributing to the global H2O2distribution is the influence of biomass burning emissions in the Atlantic Ocean basin, encountered in all four seasons, where the highest H2O2mixing ratios were found to correlate strongly with increased mixing ratios of the biomass burning tracers hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and carbon monoxide (CO). This biomass burning enhanced H2O2by a factor of 1.3–2.2, on average, in the Atlantic compared with the Pacific Ocean basin.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
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Publisher / Repository:
DOI PREFIX: 10.1029
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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