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Title: Upscaling surface energy fluxes over the North Slope of Alaska using airborne eddy-covariance measurements and environmental response functions
Abstract. The objective of this study was to upscale airborne flux measurements ofsensible heat and latent heat and to develop high-resolution flux maps. Inorder to support the evaluation of coupled atmospheric–land-surface models weinvestigated spatial patterns of energy fluxes in relation to land-surfaceproperties. We used airborne eddy-covariance measurements acquired by the Polar 5research aircraft in June–July 2012 to analyze surface fluxes.Footprint-weighted surface properties were then related to 21 529 sensibleheat flux observations and 25 608 latent heat flux observations using bothremote sensing and modeled data. A boosted regression tree technique wasused to estimate environmental response functions between spatially andtemporally resolved flux observations and corresponding biophysical andmeteorological drivers. In order to improve the spatial coverage and spatialrepresentativeness of energy fluxes we used relationships extracted acrossheterogeneous Arctic landscapes to infer high-resolution surface energy fluxmaps, thus directly upscaling the observational data. These maps of projectedsensible heat and latent heat fluxes were used to assess energy partitioningin northern ecosystems and to determine the dominant energy exchangeprocesses in permafrost areas. This allowed us to estimate energy fluxes forspecific types of land cover, taking into account meteorological conditions.Airborne and modeled fluxes were then compared with measurements from aneddy-covariance tower near Atqasuk. Our results are an important contribution for the more » advanced, scale-dependentquantification of surface energy fluxes and they provide new insights into theprocesses affecting these fluxes for the main vegetation types inhigh-latitude permafrost areas. « less
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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
10007 to 10023
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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