skip to main content

Title: Studies of FCAPT UVBY photometry for the mCP stars HD  32966, HD 35298, HD 68292, HD 93226, HD 171247, HD  217833, HD 220147, and HD 223358

We present differential Strömgrenuvbyobservations from the Four College Automated Photometric Telescope (FCAPT) in Washington Camp, AZ of eight magnetic Chemically Peculiar (mCP) stars: HD 32966, HD 35298, HD 68292, HD 93226, HD 171247, HD 217833, HD 220147, and HD 223358. We use multiple period‐finding algorithms and incorporate data from the ESA Hipparcos catalogue to study the amplitudes, periods, and asymmetries in the light curves. No previous FCAPT data have been published for HD 68292. For the seven other stars, these studies substantially extend the analyses of published FCAPT datasets.

more » « less
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Astronomische Nachrichten
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Abstract

    The hot Jupiter HD 217107 b was one of the first exoplanets detected using the radial velocity (RV) method, originally reported in the literature in 1999. Today, precise RV measurements of this system span more than 20 years, and there is clear evidence of a longer‐period companion, HD 217107 c. Interestingly, both the short‐period planet (Pb ∼ 7.13 d) and long‐period planet (Pc ∼ 5059d) have significantly eccentric orbits (eb ∼ 0.13andec ∼ 0.40). We present 42 additional RV measurements of this system obtained with the MINERVA telescope array and carry out a joint analysis with previously published RV measurements from four different facilities. We confirm and refine the previously reported orbit of the long‐period companion. HD 217107 b is one of a relatively small number of hot Jupiters with an eccentric orbit, opening up the possibility of detecting the precession of the planetary orbit due to general relativistic effects and perturbations from other planets in the system. In this case, the argument of periastron,ω, is predicted to change at the level of0.8century−1. Despite the long time baseline of our observations and the high quality of the RV measurements, we are only able to constrain the precession to becentury−1. We discuss the limitations of detecting the subtle effects of precession in exoplanet orbits using RV data.

    more » « less

    Based on high-contrast images obtained with the Gemini Planet Imager (GPI), we report the discovery of two point-like sources at angular separations ρ ∼ 0.18 and 0.80 arcsec from the stars HD 29992 and HD 196385. A combined analysis of the new GPI observations and images from the literature indicates that the source close to HD 29992 could be a companion to the star. Concerning HD 196385, the small number of contaminants (∼0.5) suggests that the detected source may be gravitationally bound to the star. For both systems, we discarded the presence of other potential companions with m > 75 MJup at ρ ∼ 0.3–1.3 arcsec. From stellar model atmospheres and low-resolution GPI spectra, we derive masses of ∼0.2–0.3 M⊙ for these sources. Using a Markov-chain Monte Carlo approach, we performed a joint fit of the new astrometry measurements and published radial velocity data to characterize the possible orbits. For HD 196385B, the median dynamic mass is in agreement with that derived from model atmospheres, whilst for HD 29992B the orbital fit favours masses close to the brown dwarf regime (∼0.08 M⊙). HD 29992 and HD 196385 might be two new binary systems with M-type stellar companions. However, new high angular resolution images would help to confirm definitively whether the detected sources are gravitationally bound to their respective stars, and permit tighter constraints on the orbital parameters of both systems.

    more » « less
  3. Abstract

    With the most trans-iron elements detected of any star outside the solar system, HD 222925 represents the most complete chemical inventory among metal-poor stars enhanced with elements made by the rapid neutron capture (“r”) process. As such, HD 222925 may be a new “template” for the observationalr-process, where before the (much higher-metallicity) solarr-process residuals were used. In this work, we test under which conditions a single site accounts for the entire elementalr-process abundance pattern of HD 222925. We found that several of our tests—with the single exception of the black hole–neutron star merger case—challenge the single-site assumption by producing an ejecta distribution that is highly constrained, in disagreement with simulation predictions. However, we found that ejecta distributions that are more in line with simulations can be obtained under the condition that the nuclear data near the secondr-process peak are changed. Therefore, for HD 222925 to be a canonicalr-process template likely as a product of a single astrophysical source, the nuclear data need to be reevaluated. The new elemental abundance pattern of HD 222925—including the abundances obtained from space-based, ultraviolet (UV) data—call for a deeper understanding of both astrophysicalr-process sites and nuclear data. Similar UV observations of additionalr-process–enhanced stars will be required to determine whether the elemental abundance pattern of HD 222925 is indeed a canonical template (or an outlier) for ther-process at low metallicity.

    more » « less
  4. Abstract

    Companions embedded in the cavities of transitional circumstellar disks have been observed to exhibit excess luminosity at Hα, an indication that they are actively accreting. We report 5 yr (2013–2018) of monitoring of the position and Hαexcess luminosity of the embedded, accreting low-mass stellar companion HD 142527 B from the MagAO/VisAO instrument. We usepyklip, a Python implementation of the Karhunen–Loeve Image Processing algorithm, to detect the companion. Usingpyklipforward modeling, we constrain the relative astrometry to 1–2 mas precision and achieve sufficient photometric precision (±0.2 mag, 3% error) to detect changes in the Hαcontrast of the companion over time. In order to accurately determine the relative astrometry of the companion, we conduct an astrometric calibration of the MagAO/VisAO camera against 20 yr of Keck/NIRC2 images of the Trapezium cluster. We demonstrate agreement of our VisAO astrometry with other published positions for HD 142527 B, and useorbitize!to generate a posterior distribution of orbits fit to the relative astrometry of HD 142527 B. Our data suggest that the companion is close to periastron passage, on an orbit significantly misaligned with respect to both the wide circumbinary disk and the recently observed inner disk encircling HD 142527 A. We translate observed Hαcontrasts for HD 142527 B into mass accretion rate estimates on the order of 4–9 × 10−10Myr−1. Photometric variation in the Hαexcess of the companion suggests that the accretion rate onto the companion is variable. This work represents a significant step toward observing accretion-driven variability onto protoplanets, such as PDS 70 b&c.

    more » « less
  5. Abstract

    Planets form in dusty, gas-rich disks around young stars, while at the same time, the planet formation process alters the physical and chemical structure of the disk itself. Embedded planets will locally heat the disk and sublimate volatile-rich ices, or in extreme cases, result in shocks that sputter heavy atoms such as Si from dust grains. This should cause chemical asymmetries detectable in molecular gas observations. Using high-angular-resolution ALMA archival data of the HD 169142 disk, we identify compact SOJ= 88− 77and SiSJ= 19 − 18 emission coincident with the position of a ∼ 2MJupplanet seen as a localized, Keplerian NIR feature within a gas-depleted, annular dust gap at ≈38 au. The SiS emission is located along an azimuthal arc and has a morphology similar to that of a known12CO kinematic excess. This is the first tentative detection of SiS emission in a protoplanetary disk and suggests that the planet is driving sufficiently strong shocks to produce gas-phase SiS. We also report the discovery of compact12CO and13COJ= 3 − 2 emission coincident with the planet location. Taken together, a planet-driven outflow provides the best explanation for the properties of the observed chemical asymmetries. We also resolve a bright, azimuthally asymmetric SO ring at ≈24 au. While most of this SO emission originates from ice sublimation, its asymmetric distribution implies azimuthal temperature variations driven by a misaligned inner disk or planet–disk interactions. Overall, the HD 169142 disk shows several distinct chemical signatures related to giant planet formation and presents a powerful template for future searches of planet-related chemical asymmetries in protoplanetary disks.

    more » « less