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This content will become publicly available on May 4, 2023

Title: Sound‐guided assessment and localization of pulmonary air leak
Pulmonary air leak is the most common complication of lung surgery, with air leaks that persist longer than 5 days representing a major source of post-surgery morbidity. Clinical management of air leaks is challenging due to limited methods to precisely locate and assess leaks. Here, we present a sound-guided methodology that enables rapid quantitative assessment and precise localization of air leaks by analyzing the distinct sounds generated as the air escapes through defective lung tissue. Air leaks often present after lung surgery due to loss of tissue integrity at or near a staple line. Accordingly, we investigated air leak sounds from a focal pleural defect in a rat model and from a staple line failure in a clinically relevant swine model to demonstrate the high sensitivity and translational potential of this approach. In rat and swine models of free-flowing air leak under positive pressure ventilation with intrapleural microphone 1 cm from the lung surface, we identified that: (a) pulmonary air leaks generate sounds that contain distinct harmonic series, (b) acoustic characteristics of air leak sounds can be used to classify leak severity, and (c) precise location of the air leak can be determined with high resolution (within 1 cm) by mapping more » the sound loudness level across the lung surface. Our findings suggest that sound-guided assessment and localization of pulmonary air leaks could serve as a diagnostic tool to inform air leak detection and treatment strategies during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) or thoracotomy procedures. « less
Authors:
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Award ID(s):
2143620
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10382013
Journal Name:
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
e10322
ISSN:
2380-6761
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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