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Title: Experimental demonstration of a concave grating for spin waves in the Rowland arrangement

We experimentally demonstrate the operation of a Rowland-type concave grating for spin waves, with potential application as a microwave spectrometer. In this device geometry, spin waves are coherently excited on a diffraction grating and form an interference pattern that focuses spin waves to a point corresponding to their frequency. The diffraction grating was created by focused-ion-beam irradiation, which was found to locally eliminate the ferrimagnetic properties of YIG, without removing the material. We found that in our experiments spin waves were created by an indirect excitation mechanism, by exploiting nonlinear resonance between the grating and the coplanar waveguide. Although our demonstration does not include separation of multiple frequency components, since this is not possible if the nonlinear excitation mechanism is used, we believe that using linear excitation the same device geometry could be used as a spectrometer. Our work paves the way for complex spin-wave optic devices—chips that replicate the functionality of integrated optical devices on a chip-scale.

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Scientific Reports
Nature Publishing Group
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National Science Foundation
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