- Award ID(s):
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- Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
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- National Science Foundation
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This paper describes a hybrid approach for modeling nonlinear vibrations and determining essential (normal form) coefficients that govern a reduced-order model of a structure. Incorporating both computational and analytical tools, this blended method is demonstrated by considering a micro-electro-mechanical vibrating gyroscopic rate sensor that is actuated by segmented DC electrodes. Two characterization methods are expatiated, where one is more favorable in computational tools and the other can be used in experiments. Using the reduced model, it is shown that tuning the nonuniform DC bias results in favorable changes in Duffing and mode-coupling nonlinearities which can improve the gyroscope angular rate sensitivity by two orders of magnitude.more » « less
Ring laser gyroscopes (RLGs) based on non-Hermitian exceptional points (EPs) have garnered much recent interest due to their exceptional sensitivity. Such gyroscopes typically consist of two-ring laser resonators, one with loss and one with an equal amount of optical gain. The coupling strength between these ring resonators is a key parameter determining the sensitivity of EP-based RLGs. Here we explore how the exceptional sensitivity demonstrated in this coupled dimer may be further enhanced by adding more dimers in an array. Specifically, we propose two types of ring laser gyroscope lattice arrays, each composed of
Ncoupled dimers arrayed serially or concentrically with periodic boundary conditions, that guide counter-propagating photons in a rotating frame. Using coupled mode theory, we show that these lattice gyroscopes exhibit an enhanced effective coupling rate between the gain and loss resonators at the EP, thereby producing greater sensitivity to the angular rotation rate than their constituent dimers. This work paves the way toward EP-based RLGs with the necessary sensitivity for GPS-free navigation.
Abstract Carbon doped two-dimensional (2D) hexagonal boron nitride nanosheets (BNNSs) are obtained through a CO 2 —pulsed laser deposition (CO 2 —PLD) technique on silicon dioxide (SiO 2 ) or molybdenum (Mo) substrates, showing - stable hysteresis characteristics over a wide range of temperatures, which makes them a promising candidate for materials based on non-volatile memory devices. This innovative material with electronic properties of n-type characterized in the form of back-to-back Schottky diodes appears to have special features that can enhance the device performance and data retention due to its functional properties, thermal-mechanical stability, and its relation with resistive switching phenomena. It can also be used to eliminate sneak current in resistive random-access memory devices in a crossbar array. In this sense constitutes a good alternative to design two series of resistance-switching Schottky barrier models in the gold/BNNS/gold and gold/BNNS/molybdenum structures; thus, symmetrical and non-symmetrical characteristics are shown at low and high bias voltages as indicated by the electrical current-voltage (I–V) curves. On the one hand, the charge recombination caused by thermionic emission does not significantly change the rectification characteristics of the diode, only its hysteresis properties change due to the increase in external voltage in the Schottky junctions. The addition of carbon to BNNSs creates boron vacancies that exhibit partially ionic character, which also helps to enhance its electrical properties at the metal-BNNS-metal interface.more » « less
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