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Title: Amplitude Scintillation Severity and Fading Profiles Under Alignment Between GPS Propagation Paths and Equatorial Plasma Bubbles

Ionospheric scintillation and fading events over low‐latitude regions are often caused by severely depleted geomagnetic field‐aligned structures known as Equatorial Plasma Bubbles. These events are subject of interest to scientific investigations and concern to technological applications. Over the past several years, most of scintillation studies have focused on the dependence of these events on density gradients, location, local time, geomagnetic conditions, and so forth. This work presents a discussion about the role of the alignment between the signal propagation path and the depleted structures or, equivalently, the geomagnetic field lines, on the observed scintillation and deep fading characteristics. Data from three stations (dip latitudes: 16.13°S, 19.87°S, and 22.05°S) located around the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly (EIA) region were used to assess the amplitude scintillation severity and the deep fading events features under aligned and nonaligned conditions. The results show that the alignment condition plays a crucial role in the occurrence of strong scintillation. The study also revealed that, as stations far from the crests of the EIA are considered, the alignment influence seems to increase, and that a combination of strong plasma density fluctuation and increased aligned path is, presumably, the configuration under which the most severe scintillation and drastic deep fading events are observed. The results indicate that this conjunction is typically met in regions somewhat distinct from that with largest plasma density background over the Brazilian region, therefore, strongest scintillation and largest deep fading rates were observed by a station slightly off‐the EIA peak.

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Award ID(s):
1916055 2122639
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
DOI PREFIX: 10.1029
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Space Weather
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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