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Title: On the initiation of jasmonate biosynthesis in wounded leaves

The basal level of the plant defense hormone jasmonate (JA) in unstressed leaves is low, but wounding causes its near instantaneous increase. How JA biosynthesis is initiated is uncertain, but the lipolysis step that generates fatty acid precursors is generally considered to be the first step. Here, we used a series of physiological, pharmacological, genetic, and kinetic analyses of gene expression and hormone profiling to demonstrate that the early spiking of JA upon wounding does not depend on the expression of JA biosynthetic genes in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Using a transgenic system, we showed how decoupling the responses to wounding and JA prevents the perpetual synthesis of JA in wounded leaves. We then used DEFECTIVE IN ANTHER DEHISCENCE1 (DAD1) as a model wound-responsive lipase to demonstrate that although its transient expression in leaves can elicit JA biosynthesis to a low level, an additional level of activation is triggered by wounding, which causes massive accumulation of JA. This wound-triggered boosting effect of DAD1-mediated JA synthesis can happen directly in damaged leaves or indirectly in undamaged remote leaves by the systemically transmitted wound signal. Finally, protein stability of DAD1 was influenced by wounding, α-linolenic acid, and mutation in its catalytic site. more » Together, the data support mechanisms that are independent of gene transcription and translation to initiate the rapid JA burst in wounded leaves and demonstrate how transient expression of the lipase can be used to reveal changes occurring at the level of activity and stability of the key lipolytic step.

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Award ID(s):
2101975 1829365 1557439
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Plant Physiology
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
p. 1925-1942
Oxford University Press
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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