This content will become publicly available on February 8, 2024
- Award ID(s):
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Date Published:
- Journal Name:
- RSC Chemical Biology
- Page Range / eLocation ID:
- 138 to 145
- Medium: X
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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The mutant form of the guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) KRAS is a key driver in human tumors but remains a challenging therapeutic target, making KRAS MUT cancers a highly unmet clinical need. Here, we report a class of bottlebrush polyethylene glycol (PEG)–conjugated antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) for potent in vivo KRAS depletion. Owing to their highly branched architecture, these molecular nanoconstructs suppress nearly all side effects associated with DNA–protein interactions and substantially enhance the pharmacological properties of the ASO, such as plasma pharmacokinetics and tumor uptake. Systemic delivery to mice bearing human non–small-cell lung carcinoma xenografts results in a significant reduction in both KRAS levels and tumor growth, and the antitumor performance well exceeds that of current popular ASO paradigms, such as chemically modified oligonucleotides and PEGylation using linear or slightly branched PEG. Importantly, these conjugates relax the requirement on the ASO chemistry, allowing unmodified, natural phosphodiester ASOs to achieve efficacy comparable to that of chemically modified ones. Both the bottlebrush polymer and its ASO conjugates appear to be safe and well tolerated in mice. Together, these data indicate that the molecular brush–ASO conjugate is a promising therapeutic platform for the treatment of KRAS -driven human cancers and warrant further preclinical and clinical development.more » « less
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d, l‐lactide‐coglycolide)‐ b‐poly(ethylene glycol) (PLGA‐PEG) leads to self‐assembly into a “particle‐in‐particle” (PNP) nanostructure for gene delivery. Out of 24 PNP candidates, the top‐performing PNP/C12‐PBAE nanoparticles efficiently deliver both DNA and mRNA in vitro and in vivo, presenting enhanced transfection efficacy, sustained gene release behavior, and excellent stability for at least 12 months of storage at −20 °C after lyophilization without loss of transfection efficacy. Encapsulated with spike encoded plasmid DNA and mRNA, the lipid‐modified polymeric PNP COVID‐19 vaccines successfully elicit spike‐specific antibodies and Th1‐biased T cell immune responses in immunized mice even after 12 months of lyophilized storage at −20 °C. This newly developed lipid‐polymer hybrid PNP nanoparticle system demonstrates a new strategy for both plasmid DNA and mRNA delivery with the capability of long‐term lyophilized storage.
Bacterial small RNAs (sRNAs) that regulate gene expression have been engineered for uses in synthetic biology and metabolic engineering. Here, we designed a novel non‐Hfq‐dependent sRNA scaffold that uses a modifiable 20 nucleotide antisense binding region to target mRNAs selectively and influence protein expression. The system was developed for regulation of a fluorescent reporter in vivo using
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Finding genes biologically directly or indirectly related to lung cancer has been drawing much attention, and many genes directly related to lung cancer have been reported. However, it has not been confirmed whether those published 'key' genes are truly critical to lung cancer formation, i.e., they may be with very limited useful information. As a result, finding essential genes remains a challenging lung cancer research problem. Using a recently developed competing linear factor analysis method in differentially expressed gene detection, we advance the study of lung cancer critical genes detection to a uniformly informative level. A set of common four genes and their functional effects are detected to be differentially expressed in tumor and non- tumor samples with 100% sensitivity and 100% specificity in one study of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and one study of squamous cell lung cancers (LUSC) (two North American cohorts with 20429 genes, 576 and 552 samples respectively). Two additional analyses also gain accuracy of 97.8% sensitivity and 100% specificity in one study of non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLC, a European cohort with 20356 genes and 156 samples), and an accuracy of 100% sensitivity and 95% specificity (1 out of 20 non-tumor samples) in one study of ALK-positive and EGFR/KRAS/ALK-negative lung adenocarcinomas (LUAD, a Japanese cohort with 20356 genes and 224 samples). There are some common genes, but different functional effects, within each set of four genes among two North American cohorts and a European cohort and among North American cohorts and the Japanese cohort. These results show the four-gene-based classifiers are robust with different types of lung cancers and different race cohorts and accurate. The functional effects of four genes disclose significantly other mechanisms (mysteries) between LUAD and LUSC. These sets of four genes and their functional effects are considered to be essential for lung cancer studies and practice. These genes' functional effects naturally classify patients into different groups (more than seven subtypes). Subtype information is useful for personalized therapies. The new findings can motivate new lung cancer research in more focused and targeted directions to save lives, protect people, and reduce enormous economic costs in research and lung cancer treatments.more » « less
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