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Title: Cellulose synthase-like D movement in the plasma membrane requires enzymatic activity

Cellulose Synthase-Like D (CSLD) proteins, important for tip growth and cell division, are known to generate β-1,4-glucan. However, whether they are propelled in the membrane as the glucan chains they produce assemble into microfibrils is unknown. To address this, we endogenously tagged all eight CSLDs in Physcomitrium patens and discovered that they all localize to the apex of tip-growing cells and to the cell plate during cytokinesis. Actin is required to target CSLD to cell tips concomitant with cell expansion, but not to cell plates, which depend on actin and CSLD for structural support. Like Cellulose Synthase (CESA), CSLD requires catalytic activity to move in the plasma membrane. We discovered that CSLD moves significantly faster, with shorter duration and less linear trajectories than CESA. In contrast to CESA, CSLD movement was insensitive to the cellulose synthesis inhibitor isoxaben, suggesting that CSLD and CESA function within different complexes possibly producing structurally distinct cellulose microfibrils.

 
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Award ID(s):
2124176
NSF-PAR ID:
10407515
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
DOI PREFIX: 10.1083
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of Cell Biology
Volume:
222
Issue:
6
ISSN:
0021-9525
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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