It is important to understand how students reason in K-12 integrated STEM settings to better prepare teachers to engage their students in integrated STEM tasks. To understand the reasoning that occurs in these settings, we used the lens of collective argumentation, specifically attending to the types of warrants elementary students and their teachers provided and accepted in integrated STEM contexts and how teachers supported students in providing these warrants. We watched 103 h of classroom instruction from 10 elementary school teachers and analyzed warrants that occurred in arguments in mathematics, coding, and integrated contexts to develop a typology of warrants contributed in mathematics and coding arguments. We found that these students made their warrants explicit the majority of the time, regardless of the teacher’s presence or absence. When teachers were present, they supported argumentation in various ways; however, they offered less support in integrated contexts. Additionally, we found students relied more on visual observations in coding contexts than in mathematics or integrated contexts, where they often provided warrants based on procedures required to accomplish a task. These findings have implications for improving integrated STEM instruction through engaging students in argumentation.more » « less
- Award ID(s):
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Publisher / Repository:
- Springer Science + Business Media
- Date Published:
- Journal Name:
- Journal for STEM Education Research
- Page Range / eLocation ID:
- p. 275-301
- Medium: X
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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What is already known about this topic
Arts‐integrated instruction has underexplored potential for promoting students' data literacy, including their appreciation for the role of context and real‐world implications of data and for the personal and social relevance of data.
Arts‐integrated instruction is difficult to implement in school contexts that are constrained by disciplinary silos.
What this paper adds
Descriptions of four data‐art inquiry units, which take an arts‐integrated approach to data literacy.
Examples of the synergies and tensions observed between data literacy, technology, and the arts during classroom implementation in four different schools.
Reflections on the role of school contexts in shaping disciplinary synergies and tensions.
Implications for practice and/or policy
Arts‐integration offers opportunities for data literacy learning.
Consideration of the unique resources and constraints of classroom contexts is critical for fulfilling the promises of data‐art inquiry learning.
There is a need to develop school support specific to arts‐integrated data literacy instruction.