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Title: Iterative Maneuver Optimization in a Transverse Gust Encounter
This paper presents a framework based on either iterative simulation or iterative experimentation for constructing an optimal, open-loop maneuver to regulate the aerodynamic force on a wing in the presence of a known flow disturbance. The authors refer to the method as iterative maneuver optimization and apply it in this paper to regulate lift on a pitching wing during a transverse gust encounter. A candidate maneuver is created by performing an optimal control calculation on a surrogate model of the wing–gust interaction. Execution of the proposed maneuver in a high-fidelity simulation or experiment provides an error signal based on the difference between the force predicted by the surrogate model and the measured force. The error signal provides an update to the reference signal used by the surrogate model for tracking. A new candidate maneuver is calculated such that the surrogate model tracks the reference force signal, and the process repeats until the maneuver adequately regulates the force. The framework for iterative maneuver optimization is tested on a discrete vortex model as well as in experiments in a water towing tank. Experimental results show that the proposed framework generates a maneuver that reduces the magnitude of lift overshoot by 92% for a trapezoidal gust with peak velocity equal to approximately 0.7 times the freestream flow speed.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
2003999 2003951
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
AIAA Journal
Page Range / eLocation ID:
2083 to 2099
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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