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Title: Membrane Ultrafiltration-Based Sample Preparation Method and Sheath-Flow CZE-MS/MS for Top-Down Proteomics
Mass spectrometry (MS)-based denaturing top-down proteomics (dTDP) identify proteoforms without pretreatment of enzyme proteolysis. A universal sample preparation method that can efficiently extract protein, reduce sample loss, maintain protein solubility, and be compatible with following up liquid-phase separation, MS, and tandem MS (MS/MS) is vital for large-scale proteoform characterization. Membrane ultrafiltration (MU) was employed here for buffer exchange to efficiently remove the sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) detergent in protein samples used for protein extraction and solubilization, followed by capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE)-MS/MS analysis. The MU method showed good protein recovery, minimum protein bias, and nice compatibility with CZE-MS/MS. Single-shot CZE-MS/MS analysis of an Escherichia coli sample prepared by the MU method identified over 800 proteoforms.  more » « less
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Methods in molecular biology
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National Science Foundation
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