Tauman Kalai, Yael
(Ed.)

We study unitary property testing, where a quantum algorithm is given query access to a black-box unitary and has to decide whether it satisfies some property. In addition to containing the standard quantum query complexity model (where the unitary encodes a binary string) as a special case, this model contains "inherently quantum"; problems that have no classical analogue. Characterizing the query complexity of these problems requires new algorithmic techniques and lower bound methods.
Our main contribution is a generalized polynomial method for unitary property testing problems. By leveraging connections with invariant theory, we apply this method to obtain lower bounds on problems such as determining recurrence times of unitaries, approximating the dimension of a marked subspace, and approximating the entanglement entropy of a marked state. We also present a unitary property testing-based approach towards an oracle separation between QMA and QMA(2), a long standing question in quantum complexity theory.

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