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Title: The Absolute Age of M92
Abstract

The absolute age of a simple stellar population is of fundamental interest for a wide range of applications but is difficult to measure in practice, as it requires an understanding of the uncertainties in a variety of stellar evolution processes as well as the uncertainty in the distance, reddening, and composition. As a result, most studies focus only on the relative age by assuming that stellar evolution calculations are accurate and using age determinations techniques that are relatively independent of distance and reddening. Here, we construct 20,000 sets of theoretical isochrones through Monte Carlo simulation using the Dartmouth Stellar Evolution Program to measure the absolute age of the globular cluster M92. For each model, we vary a range of input physics used in the stellar evolution models, including opacities, nuclear reaction rates, diffusion coefficients, atmospheric boundary conditions, helium abundance, and treatment of convection. We also explore variations in the distance and reddening as well as its overall metallicity andαenhancement. We generate simulated Hess diagrams around the main-sequence turn-off region from each set of isochrones and use a Voronoi binning method to fit the diagrams to Hubble Space Telescope Advanced Camera for Surveys data. We find the age of M92 to be 13.80 ± 0.75 Gyr. The 5.4% error in the absolute age is dominated by the uncertainty in the distance to M92 (∼80% of the error budget); of the remaining parameters, only the total metallicity,αelement abundance, and treatment of helium diffusion contribute significantly to the total error.

 
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Award ID(s):
1752913 1910346 2108962 2007174
NSF-PAR ID:
10423148
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ; ; ; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
DOI PREFIX: 10.3847
Date Published:
Journal Name:
The Astronomical Journal
Volume:
166
Issue:
1
ISSN:
0004-6256
Format(s):
Medium: X Size: Article No. 18
Size(s):
["Article No. 18"]
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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