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Title: Connecting the escape fraction of Lyman-alpha and Lyman-continuum photons in star-forming galaxies at $\mathbf{z\simeq 4-5}$
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Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Medium: X
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National Science Foundation
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  1. We present our analyses of 39 selected star-forming low- to intermediate-mass low-redshift galaxies from the KISSR survey. These galaxies were selected as being representative in the local volume of the kinds of early galaxies that might have hosted the first stars, and span a range of galaxy properties (EWHA, reddening, metallicity, stellar mass). The KISSR systems contain a population, in appearance resembling "purple peas", with potentially steep UV slopes and high equivalent widths in H-alpha. Using archival GALEX data and theoretical models of radiation transport in dusty galaxies with clumpy gas media, we translate measurements of the UV slopes of these low-mass low-z KISSR galaxies to their escape fractions in Ly-alpha (LyA) and Ly-continuum (LyC) radiation, confirming a relationship between a galaxy's steep UV spectral slope and a significant (> 0.1) LyA escape fraction. This relationship is seen in existing data of low- to intermediate-mass galaxies in the local volume (please see accompanying poster by Pilon et al. at this meeting). We also translate measured LyA escape fractions in the literature for 14 LARS galaxies and a few dozen green pea galaxies to their LyC escape fractions using similar modeling. This work was supported by the University of San Francisco (USF) Faculty Development Fund, the USF Student Travel Fund, and by the Undergraduate ALFALFA Team through NSF grant AST-1637339. 
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    We present observations with the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph onboard the Hubble Space Telescope of seven compact low-mass star-forming galaxies at redshifts, z, in the range 0.3161–0.4276, with various O3Mg2 = [O iii] λ5007/Mg ii λ2796+2803 and Mg2 = Mg ii λ2796/Mg ii λ2803 emission-line ratios. We aim to study the dependence of leaking Lyman continuum (LyC) emission on the characteristics of Mg ii emission together with the dependencies on other indirect indicators of escaping ionizing radiation. LyC emission with escape fractions fesc(LyC) = 3.1–4.6 per cent is detected in four galaxies, whereas only 1σ upper limits of fesc(LyC) in the remaining three galaxies were derived. A strong narrow Lyα emission line with two peaks separated by $V_{\rm sep}\, \sim$ 298–592 km s−1 was observed in four galaxies with detected LyC emission and very weak Lyα emission is observed in galaxies with LyC non-detections. Our new data confirm the tight anticorrelation between fesc(LyC) and Vsep found for previous low-redshift galaxy samples. Vsep remains the best indirect indicator of LyC leakage among all considered indicators. It is found that escaping LyC emission is detected predominantly in galaxies with Mg$_2\, \gtrsim$ 1.3. A tendency of an increase of fesc(LyC) with increasing of both the O3Mg2 and Mg2 is possibly present. However, there is substantial scatter in these relations not allowing their use for reliable prediction of fesc(LyC).

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