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Title: Characterizing coastal cod vocalization using a towed hydrophone array
Abstract

To better understand spawning vocalizations of Norwegian coastal cod (Gadus morhua), a prototype eight-element coherent hydrophone array was deployed in stationary vertical and towed horizontal modes to monitor cod sounds during an experiment in spring 2019. Depth distribution of cod aggregations was monitored concurrently with an ultrasonic echosounder. Cod vocalizations recorded on the hydrophone array are analysed to provide time–frequency characteristics, and source level distribution after correcting for one-way transmission losses from cod locations to the hydrophone array. The recorded cod vocalization frequencies range from ∼20 to 600 Hz with a peak power frequency of ∼60 Hz, average duration of 300 ms, and mean source level of 163.5 ± 7.9 dB re 1 μPa at 1 m. Spatial dependence of received cod vocalization rates is estimated using hydrophone array measurements as the array is towed horizontally from deeper surrounding waters to shallow water inlet areas of the experimental site. The bathymetric-dependent probability of detection regions for cod vocalizations are quantified and are found to be significantly reduced in shallow-water areas of the inlet. We show that the towable hydrophone array deployed from a moving vessel is invaluable because it can survey cod vocalization activity at multiple locations, providing continuous spatial coverage that is complementary to fixed sensor systems that provide continuous temporal coverage at a given location.

 
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Award ID(s):
2219953
NSF-PAR ID:
10428860
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Oxford University Press
Date Published:
Journal Name:
ICES Journal of Marine Science
Volume:
80
Issue:
6
ISSN:
1054-3139
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 1727-1745
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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