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Title: Generating Stateful Policies for IoT Device Security with Cross-Device Sensors
The security of Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices in the residential environment is important due to their widespread presence in homes and their sensing and actuation capabilities. However, securing IoT devices is challenging due to their varied designs, deployment longevity, multiple manufacturers, and potentially limited availability of long-term firmware updates. Attackers have exploited this complexity by specifically targeting IoT devices, with some recent high-profile cases affecting millions of devices. In this work, we explore access control mechanisms that tightly constrain access to devices at the residential router, with the goal of precluding access that is inconsistent with legitimate users' goals. Since many residential IoT devices are controlled via applications on smartphones, we combine application sensors on phones with sensors at residential routers to analyze workflows. We construct stateful filters at residential routers that can require user actions within a registered smartphone to enable network access to an IoT device. In doing so, we constrain network packets only to those that are consistent with the user's actions. In our experiments, we successfully identified 100% of malicious traffic while correctly allowing more than 98% of legitimate network traffic. The approach works across device types and manufacturers with straightforward API and state machine construction for each new device workflow.  more » « less
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Journal Name:
International Conference on Network of the Future (NoF)
Page Range / eLocation ID:
1 to 9
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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