skip to main content

This content will become publicly available on December 1, 2024

Title: An AI-driven microstructure optimization framework for elastic properties of titanium beyond cubic crystal systems
Abstract Materials design aims to identify the material features that provide optimal properties for various engineering applications, such as aerospace, automotive, and naval. One of the important but challenging problems for materials design is to discover multiple polycrystalline microstructures with optimal properties. This paper proposes an end-to-end artificial intelligence (AI)-driven microstructure optimization framework for elastic properties of materials. In this work, the microstructure is represented by the Orientation Distribution Function (ODF) that determines the volume densities of crystallographic orientations. The framework was evaluated on two crystal systems, cubic and hexagonal, for Titanium (Ti) in Joint Automated Repository for Various Integrated Simulations (JARVIS) database and is expected to be widely applicable for materials with multiple crystal systems. The proposed framework can discover multiple polycrystalline microstructures without compromising the optimal property values and saving significant computational time.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
npj Computational Materials
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Abstract

    Although multiple oxide-based solid electrolyte materials with intrinsically high ionic conductivities have emerged, practical processing and synthesis routes introduce grain boundaries and other interfaces that can perturb primary conduction channels. To directly probe these effects, we demonstrate an efficient and general mesoscopic computational method capable of predicting effective ionic conductivity through a complex polycrystalline oxide-based solid electrolyte microstructure without relying on simplified equivalent circuit description. We parameterize the framework for Li7-xLa3Zr2O12(LLZO) garnet solid electrolyte by combining synthetic microstructures from phase-field simulations with diffusivities from molecular dynamics simulations of ordered and disordered systems. Systematically designed simulations reveal an interdependence between atomistic and mesoscopic microstructural impacts on the effective ionic conductivity of polycrystalline LLZO, quantified by newly defined metrics that characterize the complex ionic transport mechanism. Our results provide fundamental understanding of the physical origins of the reported variability in ionic conductivities based on an extensive analysis of literature data, while simultaneously outlining practical design guidance for achieving desired ionic transport properties based on conditions for which sensitivity to microstructural features is highest. Additional implications of our results are discussed, including a possible connection between ion conduction behavior and dendrite formation.

    more » « less
  2. Abstract

    There are two broad modeling paradigms in scientific applications: forward and inverse. While forward modeling estimates the observations based on known causes, inverse modeling attempts to infer the causes given the observations. Inverse problems are usually more critical as well as difficult in scientific applications as they seek to explore the causes that cannot be directly observed. Inverse problems are used extensively in various scientific fields, such as geophysics, health care and materials science. Exploring the relationships from properties to microstructures is one of the inverse problems in material science. It is challenging to solve the microstructure discovery inverse problem, because it usually needs to learn a one-to-many nonlinear mapping. Given a target property, there are multiple different microstructures that exhibit the target property, and their discovery also requires significant computing time. Further, microstructure discovery becomes even more difficult because the dimension of properties (input) is much lower than that of microstructures (output). In this work, we propose a framework consisting of generative adversarial networks and mixture density networks for inverse modeling of structure–property linkages in materials, i.e., microstructure discovery for a given property. The results demonstrate that compared to baseline methods, the proposed framework can overcome the above-mentioned challenges and discover multiple promising solutions in an efficient manner.

    more » « less
  3. With an unprecedented combination of mechanical and electrical properties, polymer nanocomposites have the potential to be widely used across multiple industries. Tailoring nanocomposites to meet application specific requirements remains a challenging task, owing to the vast, mixed-variable design space that includes composition ( i.e. choice of polymer, nanoparticle, and surface modification) and microstructures ( i.e. dispersion and geometric arrangement of particles) of the nanocomposite material. Modeling properties of the interphase, the region surrounding a nanoparticle, introduces additional complexity to the design process and requires computationally expensive simulations. As a result, previous attempts at designing polymer nanocomposites have focused on finding the optimal microstructure for only a fixed combination of constituents. In this article, we propose a data centric design framework to concurrently identify optimal composition and microstructure using mixed-variable Bayesian optimization. This framework integrates experimental data with state-of-the-art techniques in interphase modeling, microstructure characterization and reconstructions and machine learning. Latent variable Gaussian processes (LVGPs) quantifies the lack-of-data uncertainty over the mixed-variable design space that consists of qualitative and quantitative material design variables. The design of electrically insulating nanocomposites is cast as a multicriteria optimization problem with the goal of maximizing dielectric breakdown strength while minimizing dielectric permittivity and dielectric loss. Within tens of simulations, our method identifies a diverse set of designs on the Pareto frontier indicating the tradeoff between dielectric properties. These findings project data centric design, effectively integrating experimental data with simulations for Bayesian Optimization, as an effective approach for design of engineered material systems. 
    more » « less
  4. Abstract

    Various machine learning models have been used to predict the properties of polycrystalline materials, but none of them directly consider the physical interactions among neighboring grains despite such microscopic interactions critically determining macroscopic material properties. Here, we develop a graph neural network (GNN) model for obtaining an embedding of polycrystalline microstructure which incorporates not only the physical features of individual grains but also their interactions. The embedding is then linked to the target property using a feed-forward neural network. Using the magnetostriction of polycrystalline Tb0.3Dy0.7Fe2alloys as an example, we show that a single GNN model with fixed network architecture and hyperparameters allows for a low prediction error of ~10% over a group of remarkably different microstructures as well as quantifying the importance of each feature in each grain of a microstructure to its magnetostriction. Such a microstructure-graph-based GNN model, therefore, enables an accurate and interpretable prediction of the properties of polycrystalline materials.

    more » « less
  5. Abstract Recent work has demonstrated the potential of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) in producing low-computational cost surrogate models for the localization of mechanical fields in two-phase microstructures. The extension of the same CNNs to polycrystalline microstructures is hindered by the lack of an efficient formalism for the representation of the crystal lattice orientation in the input channels of the CNNs. In this paper, we demonstrate the benefits of using generalized spherical harmonics (GSH) for addressing this challenge. A CNN model was successfully trained to predict the local plastic velocity gradient fields in polycrystalline microstructures subjected to a macroscopically imposed loading condition. Specifically, it is demonstrated that the proposed approach improves significantly the accuracy of the CNN models when compared with the direct use of Bunge–Euler angles to represent the crystal orientations in the input channels. Since the proposed approach implicitly satisfies the expected crystal symmetries in the specification of the input microstructure to the CNN, it opens new research directions for the adoption of CNNs in addressing a broad range of polycrystalline microstructure design and optimization problems. 
    more » « less