skip to main content

Title: Particle migration of suspensions in a pressure-driven flow over and through a porous structure

Laboratory experiments were conducted to study particle migration and flow properties of non-Brownian, noncolloidal suspensions ranging from 10% to 40% particle volume fraction in a pressure-driven flow over and through a porous structure at a low Reynolds number. Particle concentration maps, velocity maps, and corresponding profiles were acquired using a magnetic resonance imaging technique. The model porous medium consists of square arrays of circular rods oriented across the flow in a rectangular microchannel. It was observed that the square arrays of the circular rods modify the velocity profiles and result in heterogeneous concentration fields for various suspensions. As the bulk particle volume fraction of the suspension increases, particles tend to concentrate in the free channel relative to the porous medium while the centerline velocity profile along the lateral direction becomes increasingly blunted. Within the porous structure, concentrated suspensions exhibit smaller periodic axial velocity variations due to the geometry compared to semidilute suspensions (bulk volume fraction ranges from 10% to 20%) and show periodic concentration variations, where the average particle concentration is slightly greater between the rods than on top of the rods. For concentrated systems, high particle concentration pathways aligned with the flow direction are observed in regions that correspond to gaps between rods within the porous medium.

more » « less
Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
Publisher / Repository:
Society of Rheology
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of Rheology
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 417-432
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. This study discusses turbulent suspension flows of non-Brownian, non-colloidal, neutrally buoyant and rigid spherical particles in a Newtonian fluid over porous media with particles too large to penetrate and move through the porous layer. We consider suspension flows with the solid volume fraction ${{\varPhi _b}}$ ranging from 0 to 0.2, and different wall permeabilities, while porosity is constant at 0.6. Direct numerical simulations with an immersed boundary method are employed to resolve the particles and flow phase, with the volume-averaged Navier–Stokes equations modelling the flow within the porous layer. The results show that in the presence of particles in the free-flow region, the mean velocity and the concentration profiles are altered with increasing porous layer permeability because of the variations in the slip velocity and wall-normal fluctuations at the suspension-porous interface. Furthermore, we show that variations in the stress condition at the interface significantly affect the particle near-wall dynamics and migration toward the channel core, thereby inducing large modulations of the overall flow drag. At the highest volume fraction investigated here, ${{\varPhi _b}}= 0.2$ , the velocity fluctuations and the Reynolds shear stress are found to decrease, and the overall drag increases due to the increase in the particle-induced stresses. 
    more » « less
  2. This work experimentally investigates the pressure-driven flow of a pure Newtonian fluid through three-dimensional (3D) porous media models. The porous media model consists of square arrays of rods that also could be interpreted as a periodic tandem rod arrangement. We employed a time-resolved three-dimensional particle tracking velocimetry (3D Shake-the-Box) technique for a range of Reynolds numbers [Formula: see text] to observe flow structures and vortex formation between the rods in porous media structures with different porosities of [Formula: see text] which corresponds to the spacing ratio of [Formula: see text], where L is the distance between the centers of the rods, and D is the diameter of the rods. For all the examined cases, we further analyzed the effect of the Reynolds number and the spacing ratio on the instantaneous and averaged patterns of velocity, vorticity, and the other flow parameters after obtaining the two-dimensional velocity fields using the bin-averaging method. We observed both symmetrical and asymmetrical patterns of structure and recirculation regions between the rods depending on the Reynolds number and spacing ratio. Increasing the Reynolds number reduced the symmetrical patterns of flow structures with respect to the centerline of the gap region, while the spacing ratio was randomly affecting the symmetry degree. Vortex shedding was considerable for the two examined high Reynolds numbers of Re = 444 and Re = 890 behind the upstream rod as the porosity increased. The backward movement of the reattachment point has been observed by increasing the Reynolds number. 
    more » « less
  3. Abstract

    We present an experimental study on the shear‐induced migration and axial development of particles in the channel flows of non‐Brownian suspensions. The suspending fluid is Newtonian. We investigate fracturing flows with a Hele‐Shaw type scaling through building a unique channel setup and an advanced optical system. The local particle concentration profiles are measured via the refractive‐index matching technique for a wide range of bulk volume fraction, that is,. Simultaneously, the particle image velocimetry is performed to determine the velocity profile of the particle phase. We compare our experimental results with the available two‐phase continuum frameworks and show discrepancies and similarities in the fully developed and axial development of the solid volume fraction profiles. We discuss directions in which the continuum frameworks require improvements.

    more » « less
  4. null (Ed.)
    The focus of this paper is a numerical simulation study of the flow dynamics in a periodic porous medium to analyse the physics of a symmetry-breaking phenomenon, which causes a deviation in the direction of the macroscale flow from that of the applied pressure gradient. The phenomenon is prominent in the range of porosity from 0.43 to 0.72 for circular solid obstacles. It is the result of the flow instabilities formed when the surface forces on the solid obstacles compete with the inertial force of the fluid flow in the turbulent regime. We report the origin and mechanism of the symmetry-breaking phenomenon in periodic porous media. Large-eddy simulation (LES) is used to simulate turbulent flow in a homogeneous porous medium consisting of a periodic, square lattice arrangement of cylindrical solid obstacles. Direct numerical simulation is used to simulate the transient stages during symmetry breakdown and also to validate the LES method. Quantitative and qualitative observations are made from the following approaches: (1) macroscale momentum budget and (2) two- and three-dimensional flow visualization. The phenomenon draws its roots from the amplification of a flow instability that emerges from the vortex shedding process. The symmetry-breaking phenomenon is a pitchfork bifurcation that can exhibit multiple modes depending on the local vortex shedding process. The phenomenon is observed to be sensitive to the porosity, solid obstacle shape and Reynolds number. It is a source of macroscale turbulence anisotropy in porous media for symmetric solid-obstacle geometries. In the macroscale, the principal axis of the Reynolds stress tensor is not aligned with any of the geometric axes of symmetry, nor with the direction of flow. Thus, symmetry breaking in porous media involves unresolved flow physics that should be taken into consideration while modelling flow inhomogeneity in the macroscale. 
    more » « less
  5. The displacement of a suspension of particles by an immiscible fluid in a capillary tube or in porous media is a canonical configuration that finds application in a large number of natural and industrial applications, including water purification, dispersion of colloids and microplastics, coating and functionalization of tubings. The influence of particles dispersed in the fluid on the interfacial dynamics and on the properties of the liquid film left behind remain poorly understood. Here, we study the deposition of a coating film on the walls of a capillary tube induced by the translation of a suspension plug pushed by air. We identify the different deposition regimes as a function of the translation speed of the plug, the particle size, and the volume fraction of the suspension. The thickness of the coating film is characterized, and we show that similarly to dip coating, three coating regimes are observed, liquid only, heterogeneous, and thick films. We also show that, at first order, the thickness of films thicker than the particle diameter can be predicted using the effective viscosity of the suspension. Nevertheless, we also report that for large particles and concentrated suspensions, a shear-induced migration mechanism leads to local variations in volume fraction and modifies the deposited film thickness and composition. 
    more » « less