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Title: Liposome‐Templated Green Synthesis of Mesoporous Metal Nanostructures with Universal Composition for Biomedical Application

Porous noble metal nanoparticles have received particular attention recently for their unique optical, thermal, and catalytic functions in biomedicine. However, limited progress has been made to synthesize such porous metallic nanostructures with large mesopores (≥25 nm). Here, a green yet facile synthesis strategy using biocompatible liposomes as templates to mediate the formation of mesoporous metallic nanostructures in a controllable fashion is reported. Various monodispersed nanostructures with well‐defined mesoporous shape and large mesopores (≈ 40 nm) are successfully synthesized from mono‐ (Au, Pd, and Pt), bi‐ (AuPd, AuPt, AuRh, PtRh, and PdPt), and tri‐noble metals (AuPdRh, AuPtRh, and AuPdPt). Along with a successful demonstration of its effectiveness in synthesis of various mesoporous nanostructures, the possible mechanism of liposome‐guided formation of such nanostructures via time sectioning of the synthesis process (monitoring time‐resolved growth of mesoporous structures) and computational quantum molecular modeling (analyzing chemical interaction energy between metallic cations and liposomes at the enthalpy level) is also revealed. These mesoporous metallic nanostructures exhibit a strong photothermal effect in the near‐infrared region, effective catalytic activities in hydrogen peroxide decomposition reaction, and high drug loading capacity. Thus, the liposome‐templated method provides an inspiring and robust avenue to synthesize mesoporous noble metal‐based nanostructures for versatile biomedical applications.

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Award ID(s):
2054897 2219014
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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