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Title: Rapid evolution of a family‐diagnostic trait: artificial selection and correlated responses in wild radish, Raphanus raphanistrum
Summary

The mechanisms underlying trait conservation over long evolutionary time scales are poorly known. These mechanisms fall into the two broad and nonmutually exclusive categories of constraint and selection. A variety of factors have been hypothesized to constrain trait evolution. Alternatively, selection can maintain similar trait values across many species if the causes of selection are also relatively conserved, while many sources of constraint may be overcome over longer periods of evolutionary divergence. An example of deep trait conservation is tetradynamy in the large family Brassicaceae, where the four medial stamens are longer than the two lateral stamens. Previous work has found selection to maintain this difference in lengths, which we call anther separation, in wild radish,Raphanus raphanistrum.

Here, we test the constraint hypothesis using five generations of artificial selection to reduce anther separation in wild radish.

We found a rapid linear response to this selection, with no evidence for depletion of genetic variation and correlated responses to this selection in only four of 15 other traits, suggesting a lack of strong constraint.

Taken together, available evidence suggests that tetradynamy is likely to be conserved due to selection, but the function of this trait remains unclear.

 
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Award ID(s):
2223962 9903880 0108354 0638591 0919452 1655386
NSF-PAR ID:
10443348
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley-Blackwell
Date Published:
Journal Name:
New Phytologist
Volume:
239
Issue:
6
ISSN:
0028-646X
Format(s):
Medium: X Size: p. 2382-2388
Size(s):
["p. 2382-2388"]
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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