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Title: A Corrective Scheme to Prevent Adverse Dynamic Interaction of Grid-forming Inverters
This paper proposes a control scheme that prevents the adverse dynamic interactions between the heterogeneously controlled grid-forming inverters (GFMI) in power electronics dominated grid (PEDG) towards a resilient self-driving grid. The primary controller of GFMIs in a grid cluster can vary based on their manufacturers such as virtual synchronous generation, droop control, power synchronization control, etc. Therefore, this can introduce heterogeneity among the network of GFMIs in PEDG. Resultantly, during the interconnection of GFMIs that are based on heterogenous primary controller poses various synchronization and dynamic interaction challenges in PEDG. For instance, severe fluctuations in frequency and voltage, high ROCOF, unintended reactive power circulation that poses a threat on the overall transient stability of the PEDG. Therefore, to mitigate these adverse dynamic interactions among the heterogeneously controlled GFMIs, a force enclaved homogenization (FEH) control is proposed in a supervisory level controller. This will autonomously adjust inertia coefficients of the each GFMI to have homogenous transient response and will enforce coherency among the heterogenous DGs. This will prevent the PEDG from the adverse dynamic interactions during an interconnection and load disturbance. Various case studies are presented that validates the effectiveness of the proposed FEH control.  more » « less
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Innovative Smart Grid Technologies
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Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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