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Title: Semiparametric regression analysis of case‐cohort studies with multiple interval‐censored disease outcomes

Interval‐censored failure time data commonly arise in epidemiological and biomedical studies where the occurrence of an event or a disease is determined via periodic examinations. Subject to interval‐censoring, available information on the failure time can be quite limited. Cost‐effective sampling designs are desirable to enhance the study power, especially when the disease rate is low and the covariates are expensive to obtain. In this work, we formulate the case‐cohort design with multiple interval‐censored disease outcomes and also generalize it to nonrare diseases where only a portion of diseased subjects are sampled. We develop a marginal sieve weighted likelihood approach, which assumes that the failure times marginally follow the proportional hazards model. We consider two types of weights to account for the sampling bias, and adopt a sieve method with Bernstein polynomials to handle the unknown baseline functions. We employ a weighted bootstrap procedure to obtain a variance estimate that is robust to the dependence structure between failure times. The proposed method is examined via simulation studies and illustrated with a dataset on incident diabetes and hypertension from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study.

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Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Statistics in Medicine
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 3106-3123
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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