Plasmonic nanostructures exhibit intriguing optical properties due to spectrally selective plasmon resonance and thus have broad applications, including biochemical sensing and photoelectric detections. However, excited plasmons are often strongly influenced by the substrates supporting the metallic nanostructures, which not only weakens the intrinsic plasmon coupling effect, but also results in a great reduction of optical near‐field enhancement. Here, a plasmonic nanostructure combining collapsible Au‐nanofingers with selective‐etching that enables Au to be suspended is demonstrated, thus avoiding the undesirable influence of the substrates on the local near‐field distribution and forming symmetric electromagnetic‐field enhancements at both the top and bottom surfaces. The polymer support of the Au‐nanofingers is selectively etched by oxygen plasma, while the Au‐cap retains its original size. After an ultrathin dielectric coating is applied on the Au‐nanofingers, suspended Au‐caps with extremely small dielectric gaps are formed via the collapse of neighboring Au‐nanofingers by exposing them to ethanol. These nanostructures can provide a surface‐enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) enhancement of up to ≈109, which is nearly twice that in the nonsuspended system. As a highly active SERS substrate, the label‐free detection of low‐concentration harmful plastic phthalates in a child's urine without any pretreatment is successfully demonstrated, which suggests that this method is suitable for medical prediagnosis.
Light coupling with patterned subwavelength hole arrays induces enhanced transmission supported by the strong surface plasmon mode. In this work, a nanostructured plasmonic framework with vertically built‐in nanohole arrays at deep‐subwavelength scale (6 nm) is demonstrated using a two‐step fabrication method. The nanohole arrays are formed first by the growth of a high‐quality two‐phase (i.e., Au–TiN) vertically aligned nanocomposite template, followed by selective wet‐etching of the metal (Au). Such a plasmonic nanohole film owns high epitaxial quality with large surface coverage and the structure can be tailored as either fully etched or half‐way etched nanoholes via careful control of the etching process. The chemically inert and plasmonic TiN plays a role in maintaining sharp hole boundary and preventing lattice distortion. Optical properties such as enhanced transmittance and anisotropic dielectric function in the visible regime are demonstrated. Numerical simulation suggests an extended surface plasmon mode and strong field enhancement at the hole edges. Two demonstrations, including the enhanced and modulated photoluminescence by surface coupling with 2D perovskite nanoplates and the refractive index sensing by infiltrating immersion liquids, suggest the great potential of such plasmonic nanohole array for reusable surface plasmon‐enhanced sensing applications.more » « less
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- Publisher / Repository:
- Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
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- Medium: X
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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