skip to main content

Title: HETDEX Public Source Catalog 1—Stacking 50,000 Lyman Alpha Emitters ∗

We describe the ensemble properties of the 1.9 <z< 3.5 Lyman alpha emitters (LAEs) found in the HETDEX survey’s first public data release, HETDEX Public Source Catalog 1. Stacking the low-resolution (R∼ 800) spectra greatly increases the signal-to-noise ratio (S/N), revealing spectral features otherwise hidden by noise, and we show that the stacked spectrum is representative of an average member of the set. The flux-limited, LyαS/N restricted stack of 50,000 HETDEX LAEs shows the ensemble biweightaveragez∼ 2.6 LAE to be a blue (UV continuum slope ∼ −2.4 andE(B – V)< 0.1), moderately bright (MUV∼ −19.7) star-forming galaxy with strong Lyαemission (logLLyα∼ 42.8 andWλ(Lyα) ∼ 114 Å), and potentially significant leakage of ionizing radiation. The rest-frame UV light is dominated by a young, metal-poor stellar population with an average age of 5–15 Myr and metallicity of 0.2–0.3Z.

more » « less
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more » ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publisher / Repository:
DOI PREFIX: 10.3847
Date Published:
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal
Medium: X Size: Article No. 209
Article No. 209
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Abstract

    The Hobby–Eberly Telescope Dark Energy Experiment (HETDEX) is designed to detect and measure the redshifts of more than 1 million Lyαemitting galaxies (LAEs) 1.88 <z< 3.52. In addition to its cosmological measurements, these data enable studies of Lyαspectral profiles and the underlying radiative transfer. Using the roughly half a million LAEs in the HETDEX Data Release 3, we stack various subsets to obtain the typical Lyαprofile for thez∼ 2–3 epoch and to understand their physical properties. We find clear absorption wings around Lyαemission, which extend ∼2000 km s−1both redward and blueward of the central line. Using far-UV spectra of nearby (0.002 <z< 0.182) LAEs in the COS Legacy Archive Spectroscopic Survey treasury and optical/near-IR spectra of 2.8 <z< 6.7 LAEs in the Multi Unit Spectroscopic-Wide survey, we observe absorption profiles in both redshift regimes. Dividing the sample by volume density shows that the troughs increase in higher-density regions. This trend suggests that the depth of the absorption is dependent on the local density of objects near the LAE, a geometry that is similar to damped Lyαsystems. Simple simulations of Lyαradiative transfer can produce similar troughs due to absorption of light from background sources by Higas surrounding the LAEs.

    more » « less
  2. Abstract

    The Hobby–Eberly Telescope Dark Energy Experiment (HETDEX) is a large-volume spectroscopic survey without preselection of sources, searching ∼540 deg2for Lyαemitting galaxies (LAEs) at 1.9 <z< 3.5. Taking advantage of such a wide-volume survey, we perform a pilot study using early HETDEX data to search for lensed Lyαemitters (LAEs). After performing a proof of concept using a previously known lensed LAE covered by HETDEX, we perform a search for previously unknown lensed LAEs in the HETDEX spectroscopic sample. We present a catalog of 26 potential LAEs lensed by foreground, red, non-star-forming galaxies atz∼ 0.4–0.7. We estimate the magnification for each candidate system, finding 12 candidates to be within the strong lensing regime (magnificationμ> 2). Follow-up observations of these potential lensed LAEs have the potential to confirm their lensed nature and explore these distant galaxies in more detail.

    more » « less
  3. Abstract

    We present the results of a stellar population analysis of 72 Lyα-emitting galaxies (LAEs) in GOODS-N at 1.9 <z< 3.5 spectroscopically identified by the Hobby−Eberly Telescope Dark Energy Experiment (HETDEX). We provide a method for connecting emission-line detections from the blind spectroscopic survey to imaging counterparts, a crucial tool needed as HETDEX builds a massive database of ∼1 million Lyαdetections. Using photometric data spanning as many as 11 filters covering 0.4 <λ(μm) < 4.5 from the Hubble Space Telescope and Spitzer Space Telescope, we study the objects’ global properties and explore which properties impact the strength of Lyαemission. We measure a median stellar mass of0.80.5+2.9×109Mand conclude that the physical properties of HETDEX spectroscopically selected LAEs are comparable to LAEs selected by previous deep narrowband studies. We find that stellar mass and star formation rate correlate strongly with the Lyαequivalent width. We then use a known sample ofz> 7 LAEs to perform a protostudy of predicting Lyαemission from galaxies in the epoch of reionization, finding agreement at the 1σlevel between prediction and observation for the majority of strong emitters.

    more » « less
  4. Abstract

    We report an active galactic nucleus (AGN) with an extremely high equivalent width (EW), EWLyα+N V,rest≳921Å, in the rest frame, atz∼ 2.24 in the Hobby–Eberly Telescope Dark Energy Experiment Survey (HETDEX), as a representative case of the high-EW AGN population. The continuum level is a nondetection in the HETDEX spectrum; thus the measured EW is a lower limit. The source is detected with significant emission lines (>7σ) at Lyα+ Nvλ1241, Civλ1549, and a moderate emission line (∼4σ) at Heiiλ1640 within the wavelength coverage of HETDEX (3500–5500 Å). Ther-band magnitude is 24.57 from the Hyper Suprime-Cam-HETDEX joint survey with a detection limit ofr= 25.12 at 5σ. The Lyαemission line spans a clearly resolved region of ∼10″ (85 kpc) in diameter. The Lyαline profile is strongly double peaked. The spectral decomposed blue gas and red gas Lyαemission are separated by ∼1.″2 (10.1 kpc) with a line-of-sight velocity offset of ∼1100 km s−1. This source is probably an obscured AGN with powerful winds.

    more » « less
  5. Abstract

    We describe the survey design and science goals for One-hundred-deg2DECam Imaging in Narrowbands (ODIN), a NOIRLab survey using the Dark Energy Camera (DECam) to obtain deep (AB ∼ 25.7) narrowband images over an unprecedented area of sky. The three custom-built narrowband filters,N419,N501, andN673, have central wavelengths of 419, 501, and 673 nm and respective FWHM of 7.5, 7.6, and 10.0 nm, corresponding to Lyαatz= 2.4, 3.1, and 4.5 and cosmic times of 2.8, 2.1, and 1.4 Gyr, respectively. When combined with even deeper, public broadband data from the Hyper Suprime-Cam, DECam, and in the future, the Legacy Survey of Space and Time, the ODIN narrowband images will enable the selection of over 100,000 Lyα-emitting (LAE) galaxies at these epochs. ODIN-selected LAEs will identify protoclusters as galaxy overdensities, and the deep narrowband images enable detection of highly extended Lyαblobs (LABs). Primary science goals include measuring the clustering strength and dark matter halo connection of LAEs, LABs, and protoclusters, and their respective relationship to filaments in the cosmic web. The three epochs allow for the redshift evolution of these properties to be determined during the period known as Cosmic Noon, where star formation was at its peak. The narrowband filter wavelengths are designed to enable interloper rejection and further scientific studies by revealing [Oii] and [Oiii] atz= 0.34, Lyαand Heii1640 atz= 3.1, and Lyman continuum plus Lyαatz= 4.5. Ancillary science includes similar studies of the lower-redshift emission-line galaxy samples and investigations of nearby star-forming galaxies resolved into numerous [Oiii] and [Sii] emitting regions.

    more » « less