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Title: Probing the Galactic halo with RR Lyrae stars – IV. On the Oosterhoff dichotomy of RR Lyrae stars

We use 3653 (2661 RRab, 992 RRc) RR Lyrae stars (RRLs) with 7D (3D position, 3D velocity, and metallicity) information selected from Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope, and Gaia EDR3, and divide the sample into two Oosterhoff groups (Oo I and Oo II) according to their amplitude–period behaviour in the Bailey diagram. We present a comparative study of these two groups based on chemistry, kinematics, and dynamics. We find that Oo I RRLs are relatively more metal-rich, with predominately radially dominated orbits and large eccentricities, while Oo II RRLs are relatively more metal-poor, and have mildly radially dominated orbits. The Oosterhoff dichotomy of the Milky Way’s halo is more apparent for the inner-halo region than for the outer-halo region. Additionally, we also search for this phenomenon in the haloes of the two largest satellite galaxies, the Large and Small Magellanic clouds, and compare over different bins in metallicity. We find that the Oosterhoff dichotomy is not immutable, and varies based on position in the Galaxy and from galaxy to galaxy. We conclude that the Oosterhoff dichotomy is the result of a combination of stellar and galactic evolution, and that it is much more complex than the dichotomy originally identified in Galactic globular clusters.

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Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Oxford University Press
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 5915-5927
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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