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Title: Morphology of Organic/Inorganic Aerosol with Varying Seed Particle Water Content
The morphology of mixed organic/inorganic particles can strongly influence the physicochemical properties of aerosols but remains relatively less examined in particle formation studies. The morphologies of inorganic seed particles grown with either -pinene or limonene secondary organic aerosol (SOA) generated in a flow tube reactor were found to depend on initial seed particle water content. Effloresced and deliquesced ammonium sulfate seed particles were generated at low relative humidity (<15% RH, dry) and high relative humidity (~60% RH, wet) and were also coated with secondary organic material under low growth and high growth conditions. Particles were dried and analyzed using SMPS and TEM for diameter and substrate-induced diameter changes and for the prevalence of phase separation for organic-coated particles. Effloresced inorganic seed particle diameters generally increased after impaction, whereas deliquesced inorganic seed particles had smaller differences in diameter, although they appeared morphologically similar to the effloresced seed particles. Differences in the changes to diameter for deliquesced seed particles suggest crystal restructuring with RH cycling. SOA-coated particles showed negative diameter changes for low organic growth, although wet-seeded organic particles changed by larger magnitudes compared to dry-seeded organic particles. High organic growth gave wide ranging diameter percent differences for both dry- and wet-seeded samples. Wet-seeded particles with organic coatings occasionally showed a textured morphology unseen in the coated particles with dry seeds. Using a flow tube reactor with a combination of spectrometry and microscopy techniques allows for insights into the dependence of aerosol particle morphology on formation parameters for two seed conditions and two secondary organic precursors.  more » « less
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ACS Earth and Space Chemistry
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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