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Title: Chromate Incarceration by Nanojars and Its Removal from Water by Liquid–Liquid Extraction
The unprecedented liquid–liquid extraction of the dinegative chromate ion (CrO42–) from neutral aqueous solutions into aliphatic hydrocarbon solvents using nanojars as extraction agents is demonstrated. Transferring chromate from water into an organic solvent is extremely challenging due to its large hydration energy (ΔGh° = −950 kJ/mol) and strong oxidizing ability. Owing to their highly hydrophilic anion binding pockets lined by a multitude of hydrogen bond donor OH groups, neutral nanojars of the formula [cis-CuII(μ-OH)(μ-4-Rpz)]n (n = 27–33; pz = pyrazolate anion; R = H or n-octyl) strongly bind the CrO42– ion and efficiently transfer it from water into n-heptane or C11 – C13 isoalkanes (when R = n-octyl). The extracted chromate can easily be recovered from the organic layer by stripping with an aqueous acid solution. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometric, UV–vis and paramagnetic 1H NMR spectroscopic, X-ray crystallographic, and thermal stability studies in solution and chemical stability studies toward NH3, methanol, and Ba2+ ions are employed to explore the binding of the CrO42– ion by nanojars. Titration of carbonate nanojars [CO3 ⊂ {Cu(OH)(pz)}n]2– with H2CrO4 leads to anion exchange and the formation of chromate nanojars [CrO4 ⊂ {Cu(OH)(pz)}n]2–. Details of chromate binding by H-bonding based on single-crystal structures of (Bu4N)2[CrO4 ⊂ {Cu(OH)(pz)}28], four pseudopolymorphs of (Bu4N)2[CrO4 ⊂ {Cu(OH)(pz)}31], and also the methoxy-substituted derivative (Bu4N)2[CrO4 ⊂ {Cu31(OH)30(OCH3)(pz)31}] are presented.  more » « less
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Author(s) / Creator(s):
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Publisher / Repository:
American Chemical Society
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Inorganic Chemistry
Page Range / eLocation ID:
5716 to 5728
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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