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Title: Cyclic Triaxial Test to Measure Strain-Dependent Shear Modulus of Unsaturated Sand
Dynamic shear modulus plays an important role in the seismic assessment of geotechnical systems. Changes in the degree of water saturation influence dynamic soil properties because of the presence of matric suction. This paper describes the modification of a suction-controlled cyclic triaxial apparatus to investigate the strain-dependent shear modulus of unsaturated soils. Several strain- and stress-controlled cyclic triaxial tests were performed on a clean sand with various degrees of saturation. Suction in unsaturated sands increased the shear modulus in comparison with the ones in dry and saturated conditions for different shear strain levels, with a peak modulus in higher suction levels. Also, shear modulus decreased with an increase in the shear strain for specimens with similar matric suction. The normalized shear moduli of the unsaturated sand specimens followed a similar trend to the ones predicted by the available empirical shear modulus reduction functions but showed lower values. The modulus reduction ratios of unsaturated sands shifted up as a result of higher effective stress and suction-induced stiffness. These trends were consistent for both strain- and stress-controlled tests.  more » « less
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International Journal of Geomechanics
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National Science Foundation
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    Graphic abstract

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